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Intel roadmap: 14 nm will take up to 2021, 7 nm and three more years

via:博客园     time:2019/9/23 8:00:55     readed:91

Intel will launch two new processors in October, one is Core i99900KS, the full-core 5GHz processor, and the HEDT flagship of the Cascade Lake-X family, which is probably the processor layout this year.

Compared with AMD's promise to release a new generation of processors a year, Intel's CPU processor layout in the past two years has been a bit messy, mainly craft, complex architecture, and too many possibilities to combine, covering three areas: mobile, desktop and server.

Hardwareluxx website has compiled a route map of Intel CPU processor recently. The information is clearer, you can refer to it.

First of all, let's take a look at the processor roadmap of the mobile platform.

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In the mobile CPU market, Intel has launched two kinds of 10-generation processors this year, including Comet lake-Y/U and Ice Lake-Y/U series, which are processed at 14 and 10 nm respectively. The core architecture of the CPU is Skylake and SunnyCove, respectively. The core structure of the CPU is also different. The 14-nm Skylake is Gen 9.5, and the 10-nm Ice Lake is Gen 11.

In 2020, there will be a 14-nm Rocket Lake-U series of processors with Skylake architecture and Gen 9.5 level verification.

10nm nodes have Tiger Lake and Alder Lake, in which the latter architecture, and the core is uncertain that, Tiger Lake's CPU is the next generation of Willow Cove, with Gen 12, which is Xe architecture and is expected to be available in early 2021 by the end of 2020.

The 7nm node will have a Meteor Lake processor, but the architecture, the kernel display is still uncertain, and it will go on sale in 2022.

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Desktop processors, the Coffee Lake-S,Skaylake-X series has nothing to say, now the main force, nine generations of Core Rui are also the product of coffee lakes, that is, the core number is different.

And then there's Cascade Lake-X, or 14nm Skylake architecture, and that's what was released in October..

Later Comet Lake-S,Rocket Lake-S has been exposed for a long time, using LGA1200 slot and 400 series chipset, Comet Lake-S up to 10 cores and 20 threads, Rocket Lake-S is not sure.

On desktop processors, the 14nm process is the longest, until Rocket Lake-S uses it and will not be eliminated in 2021.

Hardwarluxx did not mention Ice Lake-S in the 10-nm process desktop processor. It jumped directly into the second generation Tiger Lake-S, and used the new generation CPU core Willow Cove and Gen12 to verify.

Later, Alder Lake,Meteor Lake, was 10nm and 7 nm, respectively, which came out in 2022 and 2023, respectively.

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Server CPU, Cascade Lake was released in the first half of this year, and next year there is Cooper Lake, or 14nm process.

The 10-nm Ice Lake processor will be released in the second half of 2020, which is why Intel recently said it would introduce two generations of server processors in a year.

And then there's the Sapphire Raids,Granti Rapids processor, which came out in 2021, 2022. Using 10nm and 7nm processes, the CPU kernel architecture will also be upgraded to Willow Cove and Golde Cove, which is an updated generation of kernels..

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In addition,Recently, Intel also performed a magic reversal, officially shipping a new Stratix 10 DX FPGA (field programmable gate array), supporting PCIe 4.0x16, UPI hyperpath interconnection bus, and new Aoteng controller.It can provide flexible high performance acceleration.

VMware is one of many early use plan participants in the product.

Compared with previous models, Intel Stratix 10 DX FPGA provides new functions and interface features, including:

  • Support for new interface standards, including optional Aoteng data center-level persistent memory, can significantly increase bandwidth.
  • With a specific Intel to strong extensible processor, the UPI interface can reduce the delay by 37%, and improve the overall system performance through consistent data movement and 28GB/s theoretical peak transmission rate.

In particular, it is worth mentioning that:Intel is expected to be available by 2021. CXL ultra-high speed interconnection protocol, and memory-consistent FPGA interface is part of the Intel roadmap.

  • PCIe 4.0 x16 interface supporting PCI-SIG standard can provide theoretical peak data bandwidth of 32 GB/s, and throughput of data center and non-data center applications can be increased by more than one time.
  • Each FPGA supports up to eight ao Teng data center level persistent memory, non-volatile memory, with a maximum capacity of 4 TB.
  • Other existing features:100GB/s Ethernet, HBM2 high bandwidth memory, quad core ARM A53 processor subsystem with peripherals.

According to previous exposure, Intel's desktop platform Rocket Lake, which will be launched in 2020-2021, will also support PCIe 4.0.

AMD previously launched PCIe 4.0 on the Ruilong third-generation processor, the RX 5700 graphics card, and the 570 motherboard. Intel has always claimed that PCIe 4.0 is useless now, and Intel is also very cautious, emphasizing that PCIe 4.0 is not useful for games.

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Prior to this, Intel had shipped the first Agilex FPGA, to be manufactured in 10nm process for the first time, and it was also the first FPGA product that integrated almost all the current innovative technologies of Intel, with heterogeneous 3D SiP stereoscopic packaging.PCIe 5.0 busDDR5/HBM/Aoteng DC persistent memory, eASIC device One API unified development interface, cache and memory consistency CXL bus, transceiver data rate is the highest 112 Gbps, currently the industry first.

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