In fact, this is a misreading. The 5G license is issued half a year ahead of schedule, and the construction of 5G core network is impossible to complete the bidding, bid evaluation and procurement work in such a short period of time. In fact, this is a 4 G core network upgrade procurement, but in the 5G boom, the media accidentally wear Zhang Guanli. 5G competition has already begun, but it has nothing to do with this gathering.
Neither 5G Core Network nor Bidding
Some media misunderstanding originates from the project name of "centralized purchase of 5G NSA function upgrading and transformation equipment", which is indeed confusing. In fact, industry insiders have noticed the suffix "Single Source Procurement Information Bulletin", which means that this project is an upgrade to the previous project, rather than a new 5G core network.
People familiar with the matter said to C114 that this purchase is a docking transformation of other network elements in the 5G NSA mode for the core network element EPC in the 4G network, which is not related to the real 5G core network. "In fact, in the 5G NSA networking mode, there is no 5G core network defined by the 5G standard. The 5G network in NSA networking mode does not support uRLLC (low latency) and mMTC (mass connection) services.
According to C114, the international 5G SA standard is not yet mature, thereforeChina MobileFirstly, 5G NSA standard system is adopted to start the construction of 5G commercial network after obtaining 5G license. It is reasonable to upgrade the 4G core network to 5G NR.
At the same time, this is not a tender. Single source procurement means upgrading the equipment of the original manufacturer, whose share has been determined for a long time. It can not reflect the current competitiveness of major manufacturers'4G core network, let alone the competitiveness of 5G core network.
The significance of this tender, China Mobile has in fact been in a single source procurement announcement in the previous explanation. "This gathering and mining needs to upgrade 450 sets of MME equipment to support dual connection, load migration, traffic reporting and security functions, upgrade 681 sets of SAE-GW equipment to support traffic reporting functions, and compensate traffic processing hardware for existing EPC core network SAE-GW equipment."
That is to say, 5G NSA is an anchored 4G system and will not build a new core network, but after 5G NR is introduced, the 4G core network can not remain unchanged. It also needs to introduce some new functions to provide 5G NR services flexibly, such as supporting EPC dual connection, 5G NR connection decision-making function, supporting 5G data flow reporting, optimizing GW devices for 5G capacity, etc.
Equipment vendors start 5G competition on new track
The share of 4G core network reflected in the above single source procurement announcement does not mean that ZTE, which has a smaller share, is in a weak position in the 4G era. In fact, according to the rough statistics of C114, ZTE has a share of more than 30% in the domestic 4G market, and is the top two manufacturer.
The reason is that the 4G core network is only a part of the 4G network and accounts for a small proportion of investment. Tianfeng Communications pointed out that, reviewing the bidding situation of core network upgrading in the past few years, ZTE's core network share is basically less than 10%. But for the share of base station (RAN), ZTE has maintained a 30-40% share in the past few years. Therefore, the share of 5G NSA upgrade of this core network will not affect ZTE's future share on the base station side.
For the bidding of 5G core network, people familiar with the situation disclosed that "5G commercial, bearer first". At present, China Mobile has started the construction of 5G bearer network and rushed out the deployment of 5G network. "At present, domestic operators are speeding up the commercial testing and verification of 5G core network. Analyzing from the maturity of 5G SA standard and the preparation of industry chain, it is expected that the end of the year will enter the formal bidding and procurement process."
5G core network, base station and so on, is the 5G arena. ZTE has achieved a leading position in the 5G era through sustained strong investment and focusing on 5G research and development. The data show that ZTE 5GC core network solution is the earliest, fastest and leading network management intellectualization in the preliminary work of cooperation with China Mobile. The number of trial commercial base station access is also the largest. 5GSA trial commercial has been fully prepared.
"With the development of 2G to 4G era, ZTE has become the top four telecom equipment manufacturers in the world. In the new era of 5G construction, with the layout of 5G end-to-end solutions, ZTE is expected to lead the global 5G development and continuously enhance the global market share. We firmly look forward to the long-term growth prospects of the company after the large-scale commercial operation of 5G in 2020. Comments on Tianfeng Communications.
According to C114, the construction of 5G core network is based on new virtualization technology. Operators will fully introduce advanced technologies such as NFV, SDN, MEC, AI, and really aim at full-service operation. In this arena, several major equipment manufacturers will compete in the same arena to share the unlimited opportunities of China's 5G officially for commercial use. Competition in 5G bearer network, 5G base station side and other fields has been started synchronously.