According to the latest disclosure document, NASA is implementing an ambitious space program to prepare for humans to return to the moon and eventually build a long-term living base on the moon's surface.
It is reported that this is the first human-led mission to the moon since 1972. In a chart, NASA introduced the yearly mission guide for building a "space station portal" and the space path for humans to travel to the moon. Human space test flight and projected moon landing program in 2024.
Blue Origins will be one of the partner companies of NASA's lunar exploration program, and there are 11 commercial companies in the partnership.
In the final phase of NASA's timeline, this graphical mission guide shows the “Lunar Surface Assets” deployment, suggesting that this may be the early stages of the lunar outpost, and that future astronauts will live on the lunar surface for longer missions. .
The document does not currently show the cost of a future lunar survey mission, which may be an astronomical figure given the space extent of the survey and its complexity.
According to anonymous sources, NASA is asking for an additional $1.6 billion a year, and the Artemis plan will cost $6 billion to $8 billion a year, based on NASA's $20 billion a year budget.
Funding for the Artemis project has become an important political issue in the United States. U.S. President Donald Trump has suggested that the $1.6 billion needed for the lunar landing program would misappropriate the federal Pell grant reserve fund.
It is reported that the Pell Grant is a federal government subsidy for students who need to go to college. According to data from the American College Board, approximately 22.2 million students received Pell grants in 2017-2018.
In fact, the United States is not the only country that has set up a permanent base on the moon. In April this year, China announced that it would establish a lunar base near the moon's south pole. According to a report released by the US Space website, the basic framework of the lunar base will be delivered to the lunar surface as early as 2020.
The United States is not the only country that plans to build a long-term human life base on the surface of the moon. In April this year, China also said it was considering building a lunar base.
NASA announced that 11 companies will be involved in the design and research of various equipment and exploration vehicle prototypes for lunar exploration missions this month, including Boeing, SpaceX, Blue Origin, Northrop Grumman and others.
Although the moon may not be suitable for human colonization on a large scale, the prospect of developing and designing a lunar base has made national space agencies feel overwhelmed. Proponents say that the potential benefits of the human colonial moon are that they can obtain resources such as iron and uranium that may exist under the surface of the moon, and that the future will use the moon as a space outpost to achieve space launch missions. In theory, launching a spacecraft from the moon will be easier and less costly.
Despite the difficulties of the lunar colonization, even if a small number of landers settle on the moon, it will gain an important understanding of how humans settled in other planets in the solar system. This is unprecedented. As the Earth's climate warms and the population grows, it will cast a shadow over the future of the planet, and people begin to seriously consider how to settle on other planets in the solar system. (叶倾城)