Since its launch in 2015, the classic Microsoft Edge has failed to attract public attention, and browsers cannot compete with competitors such as Google Chrome. Microsoft executives realize that time has changed a lot to Edge. After meeting with CEO Satya Nadella, the Microsoft Edge team analyzed all aspects to find Edge's problems and decide to change accordingly.
Satya Nadella asked his developers to find a solution, and Microsoft engineers created a paper that weighed Edge's strengths and weaknesses. One of the shortcomings of the classic Edge is always the distribution problem.Windows10 is more popular than any other desktop operating system, with a market share close to 50%, but a large number of consumers are running Windows 7, 8, and non-Windows operating systems, they can not use the Edge browser only for Windows 10, which makes developers It's hard to test their web pages on a Microsoft browser.
Another issue with Edge is compatibility. Microsoft uses its own rendering engine to support Edge browsers and has compatibility issues as many sites are optimized for more popular web browsers such as Chrome. It's hard for web publishers to test websites for multiple browsers, and because Edge isn't popular, developers often delay testing Edge.
The third issue with Edge is the Universal Windows Platform (UWP). The classic Edge is also built on UWP, so it can run on a variety of form factors. But UWP is not a mature platform, and there is not a lot of application support, and the multi-monitor experience is not yet ready for UWP. Therefore, Microsoft decided to reposition Edge to support all platforms as an application.
Microsoft considered the idea of fixing Edge once. It also considers bringing Edge to the Windows Store, so updates are not dependent on system updates. The company is also considering bringing Edge to more platforms, such as Windows 7. Microsoft has also moved more engineers to the Edge department to fix the browser, but as Google continues to push many of Chrome's new standards, Microsoft can't keep up with these changes.
Microsoft's different product groups are evaluating their own ideas for fixing Edge. The Windows team is also working on a new version of Edge, and they came up with a prototype that eventually went into a senior leadership meeting. Someone on the team created a rough test version based on Chromium. This is a big change, so Microsoft senior leaders, including Bill Gates, Microsoft Chief Technology Officer Kevin Scott, Reid Hoffman and GitHub CEO Nat Friedman, have been involved in the analysis of the conversion to the Chromium kernel. After the pros and cons, Microsoft decided to switch to Chromium in September 2018, which was finally announced in December.
Microsoft's plans to adopt Chromium are widely acclaimed by the technology industry, including Google and the Chromium community, and they welcome Microsoft's contributions. Some people object to this move, including the non-profit organization Mozilla. Chromium developers are happy to see Microsoft engineers quickly fix the unresolved mistakes of the Chromium community for years. For example, Microsoft is working to provide smoother scrolling and better touch support for Chromium on Windows. While Chromium Edge works well and is better than Chrome in many ways, it remains to be seen whether switching to Chromium will improve Edge's market share.