(Photo from: NASA, viaCnet)
Previously, the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter has been carefully examining the area, so it can provide guidance on maps for missions to the moon five years later.
A paper published in 2018 pointed out that there is water ice on the surface of the moon, especially the shadow position in the Antarctic crater. The temperature is as low as -248 ° C (-414 ° F), enough to keep the water ice solidified.
The ability to extract fresh water on the moon also reflects NASA's greater ambitions—using the moon as a springboard for other planets in the solar system, and is expected to become a space exploration transit station for manned Mars missions.
(Photo from: NASA / GSFC / Arizona State University)
According to NASA, water ice resources on the surface of the moon can be used for drinking, cooling equipment, breathing, and even making rocket fuel. Near the Shackleton crater in the South Pole of the Moon, NASA can also harvest enough sunlight to generate electricity.
Driven by the Trump administration, NASA announced a new vision for the mission of the manned moon earlier this year, and the new director, Jim Bridenstine, has taken over the challenge.
NASA originally hoped to achieve this goal by 2028, but it has now advanced to 2024. But before the astronauts landed on the moon again, NASA obviously had a lot of work, such as preparing some special skates for them.