21st Century Business Herald Xia Xutian, Intern pays wing, Hanover reports
In the view of Wang Haibin, general manager of Siemens Digital China Industrial Group, there may be a round of reshuffle in China's industrial Internet platform in the future.
At the Hannover Fair on April 2nd, he told 21st Century Business Herald that the current industrial Internet platform is mostly a universal platform, “if there are three or five hundred (universal) platforms, for users Not a good thing. ”
The previous day, Siemens announced in Hanover that its cloud-based open industrial IoT platform MindSphere officially landed in Alibaba Cloud and entered the Chinese market.
The current industrial Internet platform is entering a battle of “the Warring States Period”: companies from different fields such as equipment manufacturing, industrial automation, industrial software, communications and information technology have unveiled the industrial Internet platform. Related market staking.
The data shows that at least 269 industrial Internet platforms have emerged in China, and nearly 20 provinces and cities across the country have introduced policies to promote enterprises on the cloud; the development of industrial Internet is booming. However, many domestic platforms have a large gap with international giants in terms of core capabilities and ecological construction.
Many industrial enterprises, especially large enterprises, have doubts about the use of industrial Internet platforms, data attribution and data security issues are the key, and the continuous improvement of industrial Internet security system and the increasingly mature new technologies such as edge computing can dispel this. Kinds of concerns.
Platform or facing a round of shuffling
The Hannover Industry Fair is full of these contenders. Industrial giants Siemens, Schneider, ABB, and Hollysys promote MindSphere, EcoStruxure, ABBAbility, HiaCloud platforms, industrial software companies SAP, PTC push SAPHANA, ThingWorx platform, and Microsoft and Amazon from ICT field push AzureIoTSuite, AWSIoT platform.
China is also unwilling to lag behind. In recent years, a large number of industrial Internet platforms have emerged in China. Leading manufacturers such as Haier, Aerospace Science and Technology, Sany Heavy Industry, Xugong Machinery and Foxconn have launched platforms such as COSMOPlat, INDICS, Genyun, Hanyun and BEACON.
Large-scale ICT companies such as Alibaba, Dongfang Guoxin, Inspur, UFIDA, and China Telecom are also based on cloud computing, big data and other technologies, and have also built platforms such as Alibaba Cloud, Cloudiip, Inspur Cloud, UFIDA, and CPS.
Behind the mushrooming platform, there is a policy of drizzle. In recent years, China has intensively introduced a series of industrial Internet support policies. Nearly 20 provinces and cities such as Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, and Hunan have issued policy documents to promote enterprises on the cloud.
Li Haihua, deputy director of the Industrial Internet Identification Management Center of China Information and Communication Research Institute, told the 21st Century Business Herald. According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in the third quarter of last year, China currently has 269 industrial Internet platforms. “Because it is in the early stage of development, the policy is relatively inclusive, and there are many industrial segments, China's industrial Internet has presented a situation of “multiple blossoms”. ”
Li Qiang, senior vice president of SAP and general manager of China, pointed out that in China, a large number of companies and capital are flocking to the industrial Internet field. “Whether BAT, small companies, or even companies with no industrial background are involved, there are at least 500 companies claiming to be able to provide industrial Internet solutions in China, and at least 5,000 with business plans to finance. But in any country in the US and Europe, there are no more than five companies that dare to offer complete solutions for industrial Internet. ”
Jan Michael Mrosik, chief operating officer of Siemens Digital Industry Group, pointed out that there are currently about 600 industrial IoT platforms around the world, and only a few may survive in the future.
“People are increasingly discovering that the value of having hundreds of engineers busy building the 601th platform is limited. But in an area that requires expertise, making changes through artificial intelligence and big data analytics can bring great value. The platform is not the key to winning in the competition of the Internet of Things, the application is. ”Jan Michael Mrosik said.
Data security concerns to be solved
It is worth noting that companies of different sizes have different attitudes toward industrial Internet platforms: large enterprises are more willing to do private cloud or localized deployment, while a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises are more willing to embrace public cloud platforms.
Xu Xiaolan, president of the China Industrial Internet Research Institute, told 21st Century Business Herald that for SMEs, the industrial Internet platform is becoming a new type of infrastructure that can be used to obtain industrial design software, industrial APP, and industrial at low cost or for free on the platform. Services such as cloud, which greatly reduces costs.
“Large companies, SMEs have less sunk costs: the digitalization of SMEs needed to set up an IT department and maintain a computer room, which required a high threshold and high investment. Now they are no longer facing the problem of not investing, but the problem of using it. The digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises is facing a historic opportunity. ”
Regarding the concerns of big companies, she said that industrial data is the lifeline of enterprises. Massive industrial data is not only related to industrial security, but also a valuable asset for enterprises. Therefore, industrial enterprises will be more cautious about putting data into the cloud than consumers.
The key to the problem is who owns the data on the industrial Internet platform? Is it safe enough?
Wang Haibin pointed out that Siemens has a clear attitude: industrial data belongs to the equipment owner. No matter what is connected, Siemens will not view the data. This is not technically allowed because the data is locked in a specific storage space. “For example, the function block of each PLC program is encrypted and it can only be run on a specified PLC CPU. You change the CPU and it won't run. ”
In addition, edge computing is becoming an alternative to dispel industrial data security concerns.
Wang Haibin pointed out that in the future, cloud computing will be combined with edge computing, that is, an edge computing controller is installed on the machine equipment. The data on the machine can be pre-calculated and pre-processed on the edge side, and then uploaded to the cloud after processing.
On the one hand, edge computing can make the application run in the field, the transmission path is shorter, and the data can be processed in real time. On the other hand, the autonomy of the equipment enterprise is also increased, and the enterprise can put its own core industrial data and housekeeping"know- How” is placed on site to ensure information security.