This article from the micro-channel public number: City data group (ID: metrodatateam), Author: group secretary, Xiaopeng
In recent years, the development of Hangzhou has attracted worldwide attention.
“The city of the Internet” in Hangzhou, with Alibaba, Netease and other giants, tens of thousands of Internet companies and 40% of the Internet industry growth rate. In addition to jobs, the Internet has brought a series of urban developments to Hangzhou:
With the traffic dispatch of the city brain, the vehicle traffic speed increased by 3% to 5% on average; the city's 430,000 parking spaces were uniformly accessed (the deadline is 2018), making parking more convenient for citizens; accessing public security and tourism data to achieve scenic spot flow, Real-time monitoring of business people and tourist accommodation; “Hangzhou Service Service APP” and “Run at most once”; Reform Office makes it easier for citizens to do things ……
Hangzhou's settlement policy is relatively loose: it has the qualifications of technicians or higher vocational qualifications, meets the age requirement, and has been working in Hangzhou for 3 years and has a fixed residence.
Taking advantage of the Internet's east wind and relatively loose settlement policies, Hangzhou won a dazzling record in the 2018 city's looting war:
Among the many “grabbing people” players, the resident population of Hangzhou is far ahead, and it may be one of the few cities with a permanent population increase exceeding the household registration population (this means that the Hangzhou household registration population is increasing more). From the foreign population, not the conversion of the original resident non-resident population).
I took this transcript to a friend in Hangzhou, but my friend was not happy:
“Hangzhou is not satisfied with what is the new first-line leading city. We want to compare Shanghai with Shanghai and turn Shanghai into the back garden of Hangzhou! ”
At the beginning of 2019, Hangzhou further relaxed the standard of settlement, “all-time university specialists and above talents working in Hangzhou and paying social security, can be settled directly”. The introduction of this policy further highlights Hangzhou's ambitions.
Ok, let's take Hangzhou and Shanghai to compare.
It is obviously inappropriate to directly compare the population increments (Shanghai has been strictly controlling the population), let's look at a few indicators.
1. The talent hinterland of Shanghai is more than Hangzhou; the vast majority”
According to the return of the Spring Festival in 2019 (the city that returned to work from home), there are 20 cities with Shanghai as the first population outflow, and 7 cities with Hangzhou as the first population outflow (if A city's migrant workers go to B) The city's most, then B is the first outflow of A). Hangzhou's talent hinterland is concentrated in Jiangxi and nearby Jiangxi. The talent hinterland of Shanghai not only covers the Yangtze River Delta cities, but also touches big cities such as Beijing, Shenzhen, Kunming and Guiyang.
2. Shanghai's talent hinterland is more than Hangzhou; Advanced”
According to the number of people coming to Shanghai/Hang from different sources, select the top 10 source of migrants. Shanghai's source of migrants is obviously more than Hangzhou's "high on".
3. Hangzhou people are still going to Shanghai for employment
From this set of return data, we can also see that the number of “hanging floats” has increased significantly; but from the total amount, “the floating people in Shanghai” is still more than “the Shanghai people in Hangzhou” Much more.
4. Hangzhou is still the “back garden” of Shanghai”
In March 2019, the net flow of the population was: on Sundays and Mondays, Hangzhou people returned to work in Shanghai; on Fridays and Saturdays, Shanghainese came to Hangzhou for vacation.
At the beginning of 2019, on the attraction of talent, Hangzhou was still a bit worse than Shanghai.
The growth of Hangzhou still needs more time. On the other hand, it may mean that Hangzhou and Shanghai are competing, a more relaxed household registration policy, a more intense Internet atmosphere and a slightly cheaper house price are not enough.
Borrowing a senior city researcher: Compared to Shanghai, Hangzhou is not refined enough.
Translating “not refined” into a technical language means that the spatial density of various urban economies is not high enough. Although the high-end office buildings and luxury goods stores in Hangzhou's prosperous area are similar to Shanghai, they have entered the neighborhood where Hangzhou people live, due to community public service facilities (bus subway stations, primary and secondary schools, supermarkets, community hospitals and pharmacies, street town libraries, etc.) The relative lack of it, it is gradually feeling "desolate".
In order to compare the level of community public service facilities in Shanghai and Hangzhou, we have designed a standard:
If you start from the citizen's home and walk within 15 minutes, there will be at least one health ABC facility, which is called the health index of the community. “Standing”, otherwise it is “not up to standard”; if the community is old, health, Education and business are “up to standard”, and the style and traffic are “not up to standard”, and the number of eligible items is 4.
So, how about community service in Hangzhou and Shanghai? The results are as follows:
From the overall situation, the compliance of the two cities is not optimistic, and only 6 of the 6 eligible districts account for only 4%. In Shanghai, the proportion of districts with 5 or above is 20%, and that of Hangzhou is 13%. In terms of space, the number of Shanghai-standard projects is mainly in the seven urban districts of Puxi and the northern part of Pudong; the places with more standards in Hangzhou are in six central urban areas, and the streets near the famous tourist attractions in the suburbs (counties). Town (township).
Specifically, the sub-items of the six indicators are met:
1. Both cities are very close to "bias"
The business and health standards are relatively good, the traffic and education standards are generally the same, and the style and pension standards are low.
2. The scope of observation has narrowed from the city to the city center, and the disadvantages of Hangzhou are becoming more and more obvious.
The gap between the city's average number of eligible cities in the two cities was 0.36, and the gap in the city center was expanded to 0.80. (The definition of “City Center” is: Hangzhou-Shangcheng District, 18 square kilometers; Shanghai-Huangpu District, 20 square kilometers. The two areas are close, which is convenient for comparison.)
3. The gap between Hangzhou and Shanghai is mainly reflected in traffic, education and pensions.
Specifically: only 68% of the residents in the city center of Hangzhou can find subway stations and bus stations within a 15-minute walk, while the proportion of Shanghai's centers is 89%; this difference is mainly due to the subway in Hangzhou. The number of stations is small. At present, Shanghai has opened 16 subway lines. There are 8 subway lines and 18 stations in Huangpu District. Hangzhou has opened 3 subway lines, and there are 2 subway lines and 9 stations in Shangcheng District.
Only 69% of the residents in downtown Hangzhou can find a variety of educational institutions within a 15-minute walk, compared with 92% in Shanghai. Specifically, the density of kindergartens and social training institutions in Hangzhou is not much different from that in Shanghai, but the density of secondary schools is obviously low: the per capita possession of Shangcheng Middle School is three-quarters of that in Huangpu District, and the average density is half of Huangpu District. about. (Upper city has 10,000 junior high school age populations and less than 20 middle schools, and Huangpu District has 15,000 junior high school age populations and nearly 40 middle schools.)
Only 44% of residential residents in downtown Hangzhou can find at least one old-age care center within 15 minutes of walking, and this proportion is 78% in downtown Shanghai. Looking at another indicator, the per capita possession of the old-age care and maintenance institutions in Shangcheng District is similar to that in Huangpu District, but the average density is only half of that in Huangpu District. (Upper city has about 100,000 elderly people over 60 years old and less than 15 old-age care centers. There are about 200,000 elderly people and more than 30 old-age care centers in Huangpu District.)
For a city that is committed to “grabbing”, it is important to increase the attractiveness of talents, except for cities that include policies, including infrastructure services. “Details” cannot be ignored. After all, the bus card is convenient, and there are many subway lines and subway stations; credit coverage and online registration coverage are high, and there are hospitals nearby.
Many cities want to better manage cities and manage citizens through more and more sensors and more advanced algorithms. Fewer cities want to use the big data and algorithms to make better use of urban resources, create urban space, and enhance urban service capabilities, so that citizens can benefit from it.
Can grab people, but also have to be able to retain people. Hangzhou has already taken action. At the beginning of this year, Zhejiang proposed to build the province's “Future Community” to build nine scenarios such as future neighborhood, education, health, entrepreneurship, construction, transportation, energy, property and governance. The first batch of pilot projects fell in Hangzhou.
The author of this article is the group branch secretary, Xiaopeng, which was originally created and launched by the city data group.
The new population of the first-tier cities in 2018 is derived from the municipal data bulletins and yearbooks.
The cross-city flow data of the population comes from Tencent's location big data. Urban population data is derived from pulse data.
The basic service facility data is derived from the Gaode map POI, and the calculation of the 15-minute walkable reach is based on the Gaode map path plan.