Text|Airline Agency, author|Book Airlines
At the end of last year, Microsoft announced that it would abandon its own EdgeHTML kernel and convert the default browser edge built into Windows 10 into the same Chromium kernel as Google Chrome. In other words, it's about replacing the future Windows 10 default browser with Chrome, which just changed its skin.
Yesterday, the Edge browser beta version of the Chromium kernel has released the installation package. After running out, my most amazing thing is how much it can do like Chrome.
Some domestic partners registered the internal test qualifications, and got the installation package, and then released it. And soon there is a backup in the Baidu network disk and other places.
After downloading and extracting, if you are afraid of installing damage to your system, you can decompress the installation package and extract the msedge.7z to obtain a green version without having to double-click the installer.
The new Edge syncs various browser information using your Microsoft account instead of a Google account. On the first launch of the browser, Edge can be authorized by you to automatically detect the Chrome you have installed on your computer and fully import the favorites, auto-fill information and browsing history.
There are three different styles to choose from on the launch page. In addition to the pure search box, common URLs, and news waterfalls that have been implemented in the existing Edge, you can also choose to load wallpapers from Bing. Many netizens will download special plug-ins to make their browser homepage load Bingmei map every day, and choose Edge to help you achieve this.
You can customize which part of the new tab to display as you like.
This Edge is basically a seamless switch for users who are used to Chrome, menu layout, feature settings and so on. In order to achieve a complete docking of the experience, the Edge version of the test even has a browser tab page, a back forward button and a row of the address bar and the height of the bookmark bar row are flush with Chrome.
This version of the Edge uses the Chromium75 kernel, which is newer than the official version of Chrome's 73 kernel. Its User-agent is:
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/75.0.3738.0 Safari/537.36Edg/188.8.131.52
So you can freely install plugins from the Chrome Store on this version of the Edge. Edge will automatically detect that you have visited the Google Store and prompt you to install it, you need to go to the extension management page to open the switch to install third-party plug-ins.
The Edge is fully recognizable and loaded with the same effect for Chrome extensions, but for Chrome skins, an error is displayed during installation.
What's even more embarrassing is that Chrome's F12 developer tools, which are very useful to many front-end developers, are also pixel-level compatible with Edge.
Reviewing elements in the Edge interface gives you a dark, VS Code-like interface by default. But you can press F1 in the developer tool to replace this interface with the same style as Chrome in the settings.
This is simply a kind of …… can be called "all-in-one".
Microsoft chose to abandon the news of developing its own kernel, and the news that Opera abandoned its own kernel and switched to the chromium camp was seen as a milestone in Google's determination of the dominant position in browser standards. The current chromium kernel has been called by some front-end developers as IE6 in the new era.
Just like the IE4-IE6 that was in the past, Chrome made a lot of small adjustments in its own home outside the popular W3C standard, so that pages written in the unified Web standard may appear in Chrome when compared to other kernels. A little bit of appearance and function are inconsistent, and this difference will eventually be recalled into the W3C standard, and other families will have to adjust to Chrome.
Also acquired the so-called new era IE6, there is also a browser embedded on the mobile phone WeChat, because it uses the X5 kernel of the QQ browser, and because of the deep coupling with WeChat, and to call a lot of system capabilities through WeChat, so Some web pages have to be specifically adapted to WeChat.
For example, the article page of the WeChat public account must be opened in the WeChat browser to display or post comments. On the PC side and the Mac side, there is also a WeChat embedded WebView window to get the WeChat login, comment display and other capabilities, but the use of an external browser to simulate the WeChat browser User-agent attempts to crack often end in failure.
Microsoft is no longer the tyrant of the year, giving up its own browser research and the following unique results, of course, will make some nostalgic front-end developers sad.
Some of the "black technology" that was enabled in the IE6 era are still very advanced even from the current point of view. For example, IE and Office share a set of effects that contain effects such as "blinds", and a special CSS notation that can be used to implement gradients in IE and to mimic Windows 9x style "windows".
IE's separate Active X controls were introduced to implement Windows updates on web pages. Although they are different in the future, they do set a precedent for web-side implementations for more advanced and sophisticated program features.
Since then, based on the development of Active Desktop, the hta format that uses executable web pages as an executable has become an integral part of the Windows operating system. Some of the functional demonstration pages of Windows XP, as well as the interface for the out-of-box boot, activation wizard, etc., are all completed using hta.
Now with the wind and water, it is Google’s turn to dominate its browser and constantly set obstacles for other competitors that may affect its own ecology. Sometimes you can think of it as Microsoft.
A former intern at the Edge team has accused Google of deliberately “negatively optimizing” the Edge browser by designing its own YouTube site to perform poorly on the browser. Specifically, the intern accused YouTube of adding an empty space at the top of the video player. This makes Microsoft's EdgeHTML kernel incapable of using its video acceleration features and consumes more power than Chromium. This YouTube spokesperson is denied.
Abandoning the development of its own browser kernel should be seen as part of Nadella's overall behavior of optimizing Microsoft's operations. After all, even Microsoft's own mobile operating system can give up, allowing Microsoft employees to use Apple and Android phones and embrace Linux. These things in the camp have been made one after another, then it seems not too surprising to give up a browser kernel.
For Microsoft, the abandonment of its own kernel development can streamline the team's strength and directly use the best display effect to increase the user's goodwill. At the same time, it is expected to finally let the system bring its own browser away from it. The only use for it is to download it. Chrome”
On the other hand, there is also the advantage that Windows 10 can finally fully address the real pain points of those who actually use the browser to work.
Now including Microsoft's own Surface, almost all of the thin and light versions of the Windows 10 operating system, in terms of battery life, such as a few hours of web browsing time, are based on the existing Edge browser to calculate the ideal situation.
The optimization of Edge for Windows may make you install Chrome browser, and after a lot of plug-ins, the memory usage and power consumption of the system are very different from the nominal ones, and it is deceived. “Chrome eating memory” has also become a long-lasting stalk.
Now Microsoft officially uses the Chromium kernel to help manufacturers really face this problem.
After the first official version of Chromium Edge came out, if the same battery capacity was used by various vendors when launching new products, the nominal endurance of the web page would probably drop significantly.
However, this forces the operating system and OEMs to optimize the actual experience of using the Chromium core, radically pushing for a gradual improvement in power-saving technology. In this way, everyone who uses either Google Chrome or the Edge browser will ultimately be the beneficiary.
I also hope that this will be the best comfort for the Trident and EdgeHTML kernels independently developed by Microsoft.