"Scan code payment" is tied with high-speed rail, shared bicycles and online shopping. It was once praised as China's four new inventions, especially the payment of Alipay mobile phones and WeChat. It makes people unload the wallet and worry about the loss of wallet.
Whether mobile phone Alipay or WeChat payment, all rely on two-dimensional code. Therefore, from a certain point of view, the convenience and quickness of cashless society is based on two-dimensional code technology.
Many people may feel that the two-dimensional code was invented by Alipay or WeChat, but today Xiaobian wants to tell you that this is not the case. The original two-dimensional code was invented by the Japanese. Recently, they are also planning to apply for a two-dimensional code patent.
The Past and Present Life of Two-Dimensional Codes
The predecessor of two-dimensional code is barcode.
In 1949, barcode payment came into being. Bar codes can be regarded as machine recognition symbols, similar to people rely on words, numbers and so on to identify information. For a machine, it also needs an optical symbol that it can recognize, which is a bar code.
June 26, 1974, is a memorable day. At a supermarket in Troy City, Ohio, USA, the world's first barcode-printed commodity, Wrigley Chewing Gum, is still in the National Museum of the United States.
With the rapid popularity of bar codes in the 1970s and 1980s, large retailers are introducing scanners to support customers.data baseAnd membership cards.
One of the most typical representatives is Wal-Mart. By tracking and automating inventory, Wal-Mart can make real-time delivery more attractive and reduce the cost of various products.
With barcode, logistically complex operations become easier. In 1988, Wal-Mart, a discount department store, decided to introduce a barcode system to sell food.
Now, every day, barcodes are scanned eight billion times. In China, for the whole chain of logistics and retail, barcode can save 300 billion RMB annually.
Two-dimensional code is the "upgraded version" of bar code. Two-dimensional code is equivalent to stacking many bar codes layer by layer. It can store information in both horizontal and vertical directions, so it has more information capacity than bar code. There are 219 characters in the two-dimensional code, but the icon is very small, which achieves the goal of storing more information in a relatively small area.
When the two-dimensional code was just launched, it did not get the attention of Japan. Although the inventor of the two-dimensional code applied for a patent at that time, he did not find the business opportunities contained in the two-dimensional code, so he voluntarily gave up the right to use it. Two-dimensional codes are thus shelved.
Unexpectedly, the huge market value of two-dimensional codes was discovered by a Chinese, who was Wang Yue, the founder of Yirui New Company.
In 2001, the 25-year-old Wang Yue became the technical director of a Japanese software company. This is a great recognition in the Japanese workplace.
But before that, Wang Yue experienced a long period of frustration and waiting. He did not expect that when the software engineer came to Japan, he was sent to the factory, which placed him directly in the warehouse. He had a very unbalanced mind. "I don't know when the head is, and nobody agrees, nobody can ask."
After working in Japan for more than a year, after touching the two-dimensional code and thinking about it for 15 days, Wang Yue decided to return home and start his own business.
In 2002, Wang Yue founded Yirui Company, and jointly developed the world's first two-dimensional code engine for mobile phones with a group of outstanding engineers graduated from Peking University, Tsinghua University and Harbin University of Technology. In 2003, he obtained the "two-dimensional code fast reading engine" with full independent intellectual property rights, and declared the national patent for barcode reading methods and devices. In 2005, he also participated in the Chinese two-dimensional code standard. Established, has now become the international standard of ISO.
Nowadays, two-dimensional code payment has profoundly affected all aspects of Chinese people's lives. According to public data, 2016China MobilePayment market size has reached $5.5 trillion; according to Friester Research, mobile payment in the United States was only $112 billion in 2016. According to the Financial Times, "China's success in the new economy and cutting-edge technology gives the Chinese reason to be proud".
Japan's wishful thinking
Seeing the tremendous changes in social life brought about by two-dimensional codes and the infinite business opportunities contained therein, the original inventors of two-dimensional codes could not sit still.
In January 26, 2018, the Japan Economic News reported that the vast majority of Chinese "Alipay" will be fully landed in Japan in 2018. But then a voice pointed out that the function of two-dimensional code was invented by the Japanese. Japan intends to reiterate the patent right of two-dimensional code, and to charge the Chinese one cent per person. On the basis of huge market usage, this will mean incalculable royalties for patents.
But in fact, this may just be Japan's wishful thinking.
As early as 2011, Xu Wei, the founder of the Internet, applied for the patent of "two-dimensional code scanning and sweeping", and successively won the patents of two-dimensional code scanning technology in China, the United States, Japan and the European Union. That is to say, there is no infringement in the business of two-dimensional code in China.
In addition, including QR two-dimensional code patents, in 2014, Japan has more than 20,000 patents related to two-dimensional code. Under the strict scrutiny of the Japanese Charter Office (Patent Office), there is still no comparative document: a patent similar to Mr. Xu Wei's patent. This fully demonstrates that Mr. Xu Wei's "two-dimensional code scanning patent" is different from the existing two-dimensional code patents such as Japanese QR code. This is also an important reason why "sweeping" can become one of the foundations of China's four new inventions, and it is also a concrete manifestation of the "shared economy" with Chinese characteristics in the new era.