Huawei has always been extremely low-key on the topic of 5G.
Whether it's from executive speeches or conferences in various communications industries, it is rare to hear the company openly discuss specific developments on 5G, including contract amounts and quantities. In a previous interview, Huawei’s rotating chairman Xu Zhijun even told the First Financial reporter that Huawei’s expectations for 5G were not as big as the outside world imagined, because 5G is only one of Huawei’s entire industry maps.
“5G is superior to 4G in terms of high performance, low latency and high connectivity. Others don’t feel it. In the past few years, the outside world has deified 5G. "Xu Zhijun told reporters, but this does not mean that Huawei does not invest in 5G, because if you are not good at 5G, then users will not buy your 4G."
But it is such a technology that seems to be “not different” by Huawei. However, in the past few years, it has become a hot topic in technology, capital and even trade. It has even been interpreted as a way to reverse the innovation runway or create a security threat. "Weapons", and China's communications companies have undoubtedly become the spotlights "observed".
In the face of this year's 5G "noise", Huawei's every response is quite restrained. While calling for market fairness, it also hopes to open the communication channel so that technology is not locked in "small black house" ;
“ As a Chinese company, Huawei has been striving to disclose the transparency of the company to the outside world. Therefore, it reports its business operations to the outside world through business reports every year. In a recent media communication meeting, Huawei's rotating chairman Hu Houkun said that Huawei still has enough patience to wait for the world's largest communications market.
On December 19th, Huawei also reported on the progress of 5G business in some countries on the internal website “Heart Forum”, hoping that employees will not be affected by external public opinion, strengthen their confidence and focus on their work.
On the same day, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said in a regular press conference that Huawei has recently introduced the company to foreign reporters, which is conducive to a better understanding of Huawei.
“Any smear attack can't stop the pace of Chinese companies' growth and development going global. & rdquo; She said.
“With the team that pursues victory, with the TOPSales determined to be Hero, we will eventually climb over the Rocky Mountains and become Somebody from Nobody. & rdquo; On the eve of Christmas 2017, an internal staff member of Huawei wrote this in a circle of friends. In 2017, some of Huawei's businesses have made good progress in the United States.
However, within a year, things have changed qualitatively. The United States is the largest single country telecommunications market in the world. However, Huawei, which does not have the United States, has grown into the world's largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer, which may be unexpected to the United States.
According to data from the global telecom equipment market released by IHSMarkit, the global telecom equipment market in 2017 was US$37.2 billion (approximately RMB 256.5 billion), a significant decline from 2016. However, Huawei has increased its share against the trend, with 28% market share surpassing Ericsson (27%), followed by Nokia (23%), ZTE (13%) and Samsung (3%).
“Huawei has become an Apple in the global communications market with a bit of accumulation, and has achieved unexpected results in terms of share and profits. "A Huawei veteran who has worked in Huawei for more than a decade" said: Dai Hui told the First Financial Reporter that Huawei has covered many markets in the communications field that the company did not want to go to, and the beads of the Himalayas over 8,000 meters. The peak, the Arctic, the South Pole and the African land at minus 40 °C, all saw Huawei's footprint.
Xu Zhijun said in an interview, “As a leader in 5G technology, we have no opportunity to provide 5G solutions and services to US consumers. This shows that the US market is a market that is not fully competitive and still hinders leading companies. Participate in the market. Now, I am not sure if they can truly achieve the goal of becoming the world's number one in the 5G era. Preventing Huawei from entering the 5G market means less competition, which may result in consumers paying higher bills, and telecom companies have to increase spending. ”
“Mobile communication includes two major parts of the core network and the base station system. If you talk about sales revenue, the base station is big, about 2/3, and 1/3 of the core network. The core network is currently a general-purpose server, and the software is now based on cloud computing technology. & rdquo; Dai Hui told the First Financial Reporter that from the perspective of network security, the user's information is stored on the core network, and the base station is responsible for the connection according to the instructions of the core network. In other words, the core network is the brain, and the base station is the working limbs. For Huawei, the past and future will not infringe on users' information and network security.
At the above-mentioned press conference, Hua Chunying said that Huawei, as the world's largest supplier of communication equipment, has cooperated with many countries in the world. Its product quality, reputation and security have been widely and fully supported by its partners. sure. There is no evidence to prove that Huawei poses a security threat as some countries and some people allege.
Hua Chunying said that in the absence of any factual evidence and conclusive evidence, individual countries have politicized normal technological development and cooperation, and “may have a security threat”. “No need to have a smear to suppress Huawei and other Chinese.” High-tech enterprises, this is a very narrow "sinful presumption" thinking, essentially naked technology hegemonism and trade investment protectionism, and also violates the WTO's non-discrimination principle.
Put on a pair of "American shoes” hit the world
In 1987, Ren Zhengfei, then 43 years old, founded Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. in a simple residential building of Shenzhen Nanyou Group with an initial capital of RMB 21,000 and three employees, initially working on reselling switch equipment.
Today, 31 years later, there is no strategic investor. Without pure endogenous growth, Huawei has grown into a leading provider of information and communication technology (ICT) solutions, ranking first in the world in terms of communications equipment, and its share of smartphones. The second in the world.
In 2018, Huawei's operating revenue is expected to exceed US$100 billion. The annual R&D expenditure will exceed 100 billion yuan, with nearly 70,000 invention patents, and nearly half of the income and patents come from overseas.
According to Huawei's consultant Tian Tao, Huawei has its market and R&D layout in more than 170 countries and regions around the world. It is quite important that Huawei has a global standard in corporate systems and process systems.
“From a company perspective, Huawei's 30-year development is also largely due to the fully open integration and absorption of the history, culture, systems, and process systems of the East and West. In a speech, Tian Tao said that when Huawei's sales reached 10 billion yuan, Ren Zhengfei once asked the people present at the cadre meeting, which company has managed 10 billion yuan of sales? Everyone doesn't say anything, the old man says, I don't have it, what should I do? Learn from the West honestly and learn from the United States.
That is, since 1996, Huawei has paid a number of consulting companies to the United States for 20 years, including consultants from Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom.
"But it is this billions of dollars, invited the best teacher in the world, of course, the most important teacher is IBM, helping Huawei to build systems, processes in research and development, supply chain, finance, human resources, market, etc. The system has laid the strategic foundation for Huawei to go global. ” Tian Tao said.
In the internal control reform, Ren Zhengfei mentioned that “the construction of Huawei's internal control system is to wear American shoes. The internal control system construction is not patched, and it must start from the beginning. When the organization and process are inconsistent, we reorganize the organization to adapt to the process …… not to qualify, qualifications, to use some understanding people to learn from IBM to build this system. ”
Huawei, which is willing to accept changes in Western management, is also trying to get tickets to the West.
British Telecom (BT) is a very picky company, so that some people say that they have obtained BT certification and they have obtained tickets to any company in the West.
In 2001, an occasional opportunity, BT noticed Huawei. But getting this "admission ticket" is not easy. In addition to the company's technology certification for several months, there are also certifications for suppliers. At that time, some Huawei employees who accompanied BT to do certification had some emotional conflicts. They believed that the other party was wearing “color glasses” and deliberately martyrdom. However, the exchange with BT personnel has made Huawei understand that only by accepting a rigorous review can it enter the mainstream market in a real sense.
In Tian Tao's view, it is the Western companies that have given Huawei a great opportunity to see themselves, change themselves, and reconstruct the organizational system from the customer's perspective. Just as Ren Zhengfei said, “IBM taught us how to climb the tree”, this has created Huawei's large-scale growth and good pattern in the global market today, including all developed countries.
“Over the past 30 years, Huawei has not done a one-inch real estate, and has not done any diversification. Long-term adherence to information technology research and development and product development has created Huawei's position as a leader in the global communications industry. "Tao Tao said that nearly half of the 180,000 Chinese people are engaged in research and development, and it is by far the largest R&D team in the world. Since its inception, Huawei has been investing more than 10% of its sales in research and development for a long time.
Nowadays, the world of commerce and trade is becoming more and more impure and increasingly uncertain. How to deal with it? Huawei's criteria are: to deal with the uncertainty of the global political economy with the certainty of the rules.