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Edge surrendered to Chromium! How Microsoft's Ace Browser Kneels

via:博客园     time:2018/12/17 9:49:14     readed:388

This article is from Pacific Computer Network.

As an ace software launched with Win10, Edge browsers have been shouldering the task of replacing IE, in embracing advanced web standards since its birth. However, just recently came the news that Edge supporters were surprised.


Edge Browser will switch to Chromium Kernel

Opera announced earlier that it would abandon its Presto engine and switch to Chromium. Many users believe that Opera is essentially a Chrome browser vest. Microsoft is undoubtedly much larger than Opera, but even so, Edge still kneels in front of Chromium. How did the highly anticipated Edge browser fall so far? Let's talk about this topic together.

Slow Technology Upgrade

If you're a Chrome browser user, you'll be impressed by the way Chrome brushes its version number. Chrome was released in 2008 and updated every five or six weeks. Today, its version number has been brushed to 71. Although the version number does not explain all the problems, it undoubtedly means that Chrome is advancing very fast in terms of adding new features and fixing Bugs.


I'm sure everyone is impressed by the speed with which Chrome's version number is updated.

In the era of mobile internet, the speed of following up the new features of the network and the pain points of users often means that the experience is good or bad. Chrome's rapid updates have given it the first chance in this area. As a competitor, Edge's sense of touch in this respect is much duller.

Edge is a pre-installed browser for Win10, and its handpicked identity makes it win the starting line. For a long time, Edge can only get upgrades through Win10 updates, but can not update independently through other channels, and the update speed is very slow. When Edge update patches are pushed, the system often needs to be restarted, which is very troublesome to use. As a new product, such shortcomings are undoubtedly fatal, the initial problems of the product can not be quickly repaired by updating, and the missing functions can not be compensated by rapidly launching new versions, which makes Edge lag behind several positions just after it rushes out of the starting line.


Edge has released several versions in the past two years. How do you fight against a wolf-like opponent?

So far, Edge browsers are still lagging behind competitors like Chrome and Firefox in terms of stability, functionality and sophistication. In fact, pre-installed software and independent updates are not a fire-and-water solution. For example, Android's WebView and Apple's Safari can be upgraded independently through the App Store. But Edge's delay in following up on such designs is due solely to his own fault.

Imperfect function

As mentioned earlier, Edge browsers have been unable to update independently for a long time, and there is a clear gap between Edge browsers and their competitors in many aspects. And the most intuitive gap may be the function.

Whether Firefox or Chrome, it has already reached a very high level of functionality. Compared with Edge itself, its function is weak. Up to now, Edge still does not support common functions such as user interface customization, custom font, color management, multimedia control and other professional functions are also unsatisfactory. Especially for the extended support, the gap between it and Chrome, Firefox and other browsers becomes more and more huge. Support for extensions can make browsers a software platform on which developers can further enhance the browser's upper limit and users can experience many amazing functions. It can be said that support for extensions has become the standard of modern browsers, and Edge lacks competitiveness in this respect.


It's too late for Edge to support extensions

It wasn't until 2016, a year after its release, that Edge browsers began to support extended functionality. As a catch-up, Edge's browser extensions are small, but Microsoft has provided tools to convert Chrome extensions into Edge directly, which is a good thing; however, Microsoft has not provided Edge with a convenient extension store, and has placed Edge's extensions in Microsoft's application store, which brings usage. Inconvenience.

Edge extension has become a subclass of software in Microsoft App Store, which causes the problems of unclear classification and inconvenient indexing. For example, after opening the Microsoft App Store, you can find App classified by financial management, work, family, etc., but it is difficult to find Edge extensions directly. Want to see what extensions Edge has? You have to open the Edge browser first, then jump to Microsoft Store. After entering the Edge Extended Page, the index of Extended Functional Classification is also very bad. All the classifications are arranged in the page, which is very simple and rough. After entering a certain category, you can only look at other categories by chopping back through the return key. The other features of Microsoft Store buttons are not designed for extensions, which means that you can't continue browsing extensions by clicking anywhere else.


The Microsoft App Store doesn't have a jump button for the Edge extension at all.

In other words, the expansion ecology of Edge browser started slowly, and Microsoft did not make great efforts to support it, even did not build a special expansion store. Edge's expansion number is still very small today, which is reasonable.

Not leading in performance

Compared with the old IE, Edge's great advantage is that it supports the advanced features of web pages and provides higher efficiency; it not only runs faster in page rendering and JS, but also saves resources longer. But these advantages are only based on the comparison with IE. Compared with competitors, Edge is still not superior in efficiency.

We have done a comparative test when Firefox switched to a new quantum engine. The test shows that Edge browser can only achieve the same performance as other competitors at most, and the overall performance has no advantage.

At the same time, the performance of Edge browser is not ideal in terms of resource occupancy, and the memory occupied by Edge browser is higher than that of competitors.


In terms of testing, it is easy to feel some disadvantages of Edge browser's performance when it is used in practice, because of its high memory footprint and Edge's memory release mechanism. For example, when multiple pages are opened at the same time, once memory is tight, some pages will be automatically shut down, which you can not control, while Fireofx and Chrome (after setting up), there is no such problem.


Chrome can set up tabs that don't overload when memory is tight


Edge does not have similar settings that affect performance

What kind of negative use experience will this bring? For instance. When you open a video page in the background buffer, and then cut to other tabs to see the news, cut back to find that the video page opened before the need to reload, or even directly jammed, this is what a crazy experience! Edge's overloading may occur not only when multiple pages are opened, but also when computer sleep is waked up again. The performance performance performance of this struggle has always existed in the life cycle of Edge browser.

Poor stability

In recent years, Microsoft products seem to have some stability problems, such as Windows Phone, Windows 10 and Edge browser. If you use Edge for a long time, it's not hard to find that it's actually difficult to handle everyday use. One of the biggest reasons is the poor stability.


The Edge strike is also a hot issue.

For example, as mentioned earlier, some tabs are prone to false death or reload; for example, when you use Edge browser to open a large number of pages, the computer goes into a dormant state, and the Edge browser may even flip back after waking up. Edge browsers are also unsatisfactory in terms of running in with extensions. For example, when multiple scripts are loaded with TamperMonkey, it is very likely that Edge opens a web page indefinitely, while the same script works well in Chrome and Firefox browsers.

As system preinstalled software, people have a high expectation of the stability of Edge browser.

Divergence of discourse power

If you've been focusing on browsers for a long time, you should know that there are few products in the industry that can use self-developed browser engines. There are only a few browsers that use their own engines: Google Chrome (Blink/Chromium), Microsoft IE/Edge (Trident/EdgeHTML), Firefox (Gecko), Opera (Presto) and Safari (Webkit), and the rest are basically the vest of these engines. Previously, Opera had announced that it would abandon Presto and switch to Blink like Chrome, with one less browser for its self-developed engine. Now Edge has made the same decision. Why don't everyone like to use their own engines?


Chrome has taken over the absolute right to speak.

This and browser market ecological changes in recent years have a great relationship. With a variety of means, Chrome has captured most of the market share. Especially in the field of mobile Internet, WebView and Chromium are used in Android systems, which makes a lot of web pages tend to be optimized for Chromium. While Google has long prided itself on promoting Web standardization, it has been inducing front-end developers to identify themselves.

In other words, compatibility with Chromium has become a de facto industry standard, and browsers with self-developed engines are increasingly struggling compared to vest browsers using the Chromium kernel. Chromium is an open source project that has grown for years with the maintenance of the open source community. Makes it extremely mature.

In addition, although Edge browsers on desktop platforms have been using their own kernels, Chromium has actually been used in the Edge Android version released earlier this year. Unlike iOS, Android allows third-party browsers to use their own kernels, but even so Edge does not bring its own kernels to mobile platforms. Maybe at that time, Edge had already buried the foreshadows of completely abandoning the self-research core.

Where is the Edge Road

I mentioned a lot of shortcomings of Edge browser, but is Edge useless? Of course not. In terms of touch screen optimization, Edge performs better than other Windows browsers. Edge is the most popular browser in flat mode. In addition, Edge browser is also very energy-efficient, whether browsing the web or watching network videos, energy efficiency ratio is excellent, can be said to be the perfect match for Windows tablet.


Edge's experience on tablets is unique

However, due to various unfavorable factors such as weak basic skills and changes in the ecological environment, it has become an irreversible fact for Edge to abandon its own engine. Where is the future Edge browser?

With the replacement of the Chromium kernel, Edge is expected to see a major improvement in functionality, performance and even stability. At present, there are some problems such as the scarcity of extensions, which may not exist after using the kernel. And if Edge browser can maintain the advantages of touch screen experience and power saving, then Edge may even become the most powerful browser on Windows platform.

However, for Microsoft, it can only be said that there are gains and losses. In the IE era, because of the extensive use of Trident kernel, compatibility with IE has become the de facto standard of web production; Microsoft failed to seize the opportunity of the mobile Internet era, so Chrome replaced IE to control the discourse of web standards. Edge's switch to the Chromium kernel is likely to bring a better experience, but even if it becomes more popular in the future, it will no longer have the influence of IE.

Of course, if Edge is popular in the future, it will be very positive for spreading Microsoft Ecology.


From IE to Edge, from the research kernel to the application of Chromium, Microsoft Browser has changed from the ruler to an ordinary competitor who lays down his trump card weapon. Looking back at Netscape, Firefox and other rivals who have failed to challenge IE, and Edge, who has been pushed out of the throne by Chrome, it's a great surprise. We hope Microsoft can hold the helm in the tide of mobile Internet in the future.

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