Opera has already announced that it has abandoned its own Presto engine and turned to Chromium. Many users think that Opera is essentially a vest of Chrome browser. Compared with Opera, Microsoft's volume is undoubtedly much larger, but even so, Edge is still in front of Chromium. How did the Edge browser, which is highly anticipated, fall to such a degree? Let's talk about this topic together.
Slow technology upgrade
If you're a Chrome browser user, you'll be impressed with Chrome's version number. Chrome was released in 2008 and is updated every five or six weeks. By today, its version number has been swiped to 71. Although the version number does not explain all the problems, it definitely means that Chrome is advancing very fast in terms of adding new features, fixing bugs, and so on.
I believe everyone is impressed with the update of Chrome's version number.
In the era of mobile Internet, the speed of follow-up on the new features of the network and the pain points of users often means that the experience is good or bad. The rapid update of Chrome makes it a leader in this area. As a competitor, Edge's sense of touch in this regard is much slower.
Edge is a pre-installed browser for Win10, and its hand-picked identity makes it win at the starting line. However, Cheng also pre-installed and pre-installed. For a long time, Edge can only be upgraded through Win10 update, can not be independently updated through other channels, and the update speed is very slow. When there is an Edge update patch push, the system often needs to be restarted, which is very troublesome to use. As a new product, such shortcomings are undoubtedly fatal. The initial problems of the product cannot be quickly fixed through the update. The missing functions are not compensated by the rapid introduction of the new version. This makes Edge just rushed out of the starting line and fell behind several positions.
Until now, Edge browser still lags behind competitors such as Chrome and Firefox in terms of stability, function and advanced level. In fact, pre-installed software and independent updates are not a solution, such as Android's WebView, Apple's Safari can be updated independently through the app store. However, Edge has not followed up on such designs, and it is purely self-defeating.
As mentioned earlier, the Edge browser has not been able to update independently for a long time, and it has a clear gap with competitors in many aspects. And the most intuitive gap is probably the function.
Whether it's Firefox or Chrome, it has reached a very high level in terms of functionality. In contrast, Edge itself is relatively weak. Today, it still does not support common functions such as interface customization and custom fonts. Professional functions such as color management and multimedia control are also unsatisfactory. Especially for the extension support, the function gap between it and Chrome, Firefox and other browsers is getting bigger and bigger. Support for extensions can make the browser a software platform.DevelopmentOn this basis, you can further increase the upper limit of the browser, and users can experience many incredible features. It can be said that support extension has become the standard of modern browsers, and Edge is not competitive in this respect.
Until the release of 2016, the Edge browser began to support extensions. As a chaser, Edge has a small number of browser extensions, but Microsoft provides the tools to convert the Chrome extension to the Edge directly, which is a good thing; however, Microsoft is not Edge. Providing a convenient extension store and placing Edge extensions into the Microsoft App Store is inconvenient for use.
Since the Edge extension became a subclass of software in the Microsoft App Store, it caused problems with unclear classification and inconvenient indexing. For example, after opening the Microsoft App Store, you can find apps for financial, work, family, etc., and it is difficult to find the Edge extension directly.
Want to see if Edge has an extension? You must first open the Edge browser and then jump to the Microsoft Store. After entering the Edge extension page, the index of the extended function classification is also very bad. All the categories are arranged in the page, which is very simple and rude. After entering a certain category, you want to browse other categories and only cut back through the return key, and then view other categories. The other feature buttons in the Microsoft Store are not designed for extensions, which means you can't continue to browse through the various extensions as you click anywhere else.
The Microsoft App Store simply did not leave a jump button for the Edge extension.
In other words, Edge's extension ecosystem started slowly, and Microsoft did not make great efforts to support it. It didn't even build an expansion store. The number of Edge extensions is still very few, and it is reasonable.
Performance is not leading
Compared with the old IE, Edge's big advantage is that it supports the advanced features of the webpage and provides more efficiency; not only page rendering, JS runs faster, but also saves resources for a long time. But these advantages are only based on comparison with IE. Compared with competitors, Edge is still not superior in terms of efficiency.
We have done a comparative test when Firefox switched to the new quantum engine. The test shows that the Edge browser can only compete with other competitors in performance, and the overall performance has no advantage. Details can be found by clicking on the link below.
At the same time, in terms of resource consumption, Edge browser performance is not ideal, and the memory used is higher than the competitors.
In terms of testing, in actual use, the high memory footprint and Edge's memory release mechanism make it easier to feel some of the disadvantages of Edge browser performance. For example, when multiple web pages are open at the same time, once the memory is tight, some web pages will be automatically closed, and this process is beyond your control, while Fireofx and Chrome (after setting) have no such problem.
Chrome can set the tab page memory is not overloaded when it is tight
Edge does not have similar settings, affecting performance
What kind of negative use experience does this bring? for example. When you open onevideoThe webpage is buffered in the background, then cut to other tabs to see the news, and then go back and find out that the previously opened video webpage needs to be reloaded or even stuck directly. What a maddening experience! Edge's webpage reloading will not only occur when multiple webpages are opened, but also when the computer wakes up again. This struggling performance has always existed in the life cycle of the Edge browser.
In recent years, Microsoft products seem to have some stability problems.WindowsPhone is like this, Windows 10 is like this, and the Edge browser is nothing more than that. If you use Edge for a long time, it is not difficult to find that it is difficult to use for daily use. One of the biggest reasons is the poor stability.
The Edge strike is also a hot issue.
For example, as mentioned above, some tabs are prone to suspended animation or reloading; for example, when you use the Edge browser to open a large number of web pages, the computer goes to sleep, and the Edge browser may even flash back after re-waking up. . In terms of the integration with the extension, the Edge browser is not satisfactory. For example, if you use TamperMonkey to load multiple scripts, the Edge open page is likely to load indefinitely, and the same script works normally in Chrome and Firefox browsers. .
As a system pre-installed software, people's expectations for the stability of the Edge browser are relatively high - pre-installed features are not reasonable and not as stable as third-party software, right. However, the performance of the Edge browser is disappointing. Whether it is mild and heavy use, the stability problem is worrying. This may be a pain in the new engine.
Right to speak
If you pay attention to the browser for a long time, you should know that the current industry can use the self-developed browser engine products, it is very rare. There are just a few browsers that use their own engines: Google Chrome (Blink/Chromium), Microsoft IE/Edge (Trident/EdgeHTML), Firefox (Gecko), Opera (Presto), and Safari (Webkit). The rest are basically these engines. The vest. Previously, Opera has announced that it will abandon Presto and switch to the same Blink as Chrome. The browser of the self-developed engine is one less. Now, Edge has made the same decision. Why don't everyone like to use their own engine?
Chrome has taken the absolute say
This has a lot to do with the ecological changes in the browser market in recent years. With all the means, Chrome has captured most of the market. Especially in the mobile Internet field, the WebView used by the Android system is the same as Chromium, which makes a large number of web pages tend to be optimized for Chromium. Although Google has been promoting Web standardization, it has been inducing front-end developers to do things like "-webkit-", which has caused compatibility issues with other browser kernels.
In other words, compatibility with Chromium has become the de facto industry standard, and browsers for self-developed engines are getting harder and harder than the browsers that use the Chromium kernel. Chromium is an open source project, and its many years of development coupled with the maintenance of the open source community has made it extremely mature—especially compared to new projects like Edge, which are not only low cost but also less problematic. In contrast, the self-research engine is not thankful, and the cost is not good. Opera and Edge will give up the self-research engine and switch to Chromium.
In addition, although the Edge browser of the desktop platform has been using its own kernel, the Edge Android version, which was released earlier this year, already uses Chromium. Unlike the iOS platform, the Android platform allows third-party browsers to use their own kernel, but even then Edge does not bring its own kernel to the mobile platform. Perhaps at that time, it was already buried that Edge completely gave up the self-developed kernel.
Where is the Edge Road?
I mentioned the many shortcomings of the Edge browser, but is Edge a good thing? of course not. In terms of optimizing the touch screen, Edge is better than other Windows browsers. It is the most popular browser in tablet mode. In addition, the Edge browser is also very power-saving, whether it is browsing the web or watching online video, energy efficiency is very good, can be described as a perfect match for Windows tablets.
However, due to various unfavorable factors such as weak basic skills and changes in the ecological environment, Edge's abandonment of its own engine has become an irreversible fact. Where is the future Edge browser?
After switching to the Chromium kernel, Edge is expected to see a big boost in terms of functionality, performance and stability. At present, the problem of scarcity of extension programs is likely to disappear after switching to the kernel. And if the Edge browser can still maintain the advantages of a touch-screen experience, power saving, etc., then Edge may even become the best browser on the Windows platform.
However, for Microsoft, it can only be said that there are gains and losses. In the IE era, due to the widespread use of the Trident kernel, compatibility with IE became the de facto standard for web page production; Microsoft did not seize the opportunity of the mobile Internet era, so that Chrome replaced IE to control the right to speak on the web standard. Edge's switch to the Chromium kernel does have the potential to bring a better experience, but even if it's popular in the future, it's no longer possible to have IE's influence.
Of course, if Edge can be widely popular in the future, it will be very positive for the development of Microsoft's ecology. The more people use the Edge browser, the more Microsoft's various services can be pushed to the users through the browser platform. . I hope that Microsoft can launch the Edge browser on more platforms, and let the Edge brand become more popular.
to sum up
From IE to Edge, from self-developed kernels to Chromium, Microsoft browsers have changed from rulers to ordinary competitors who put down their ace weapons. Recalling Netscape, Firefox and other rivals that challenged IE, and then looking back at the Edge that has been squeezed by Chrome, it is very embarrassing. Going back against the current boat, I hope that Microsoft will be able to hold the rudder in the mobile Internet tide in the future.