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From the Moon to Mars: NASA Announces National Space Exploration Campaign

via:新浪科技     time:2018/10/9 8:32:07     readed:429

NASA's National Space Exploration Campaign includes leadership in maintaining low-Earth orbit and exploration targets for the Moon, Mars, and other destinations.

In response to this ambitious call, and also in response to the requirements of the 2017 NASA Transition Act, NASA recently submitted a plan to Congress to reinvigorate its long-term efforts and to clarify its future direction. The National Space Exploration Campaign hopes to expand human cognition boundaries of the Earth, other planets, and the universe through manned and robotic exploration missions to achieve new scientific discoveries.

NASA's National Space Exploration Movement is based on the uninterrupted life and work of Americans and other international partners on the International Space Station for 18 years. The program leverages the development of commercial space, robotics and other technologies and will accelerate in the coming years around the launch of NASA's Orion spacecraft and space launch system (SLS) rockets.

The National Space Exploration Campaign includes five strategic objectives:

1. Transforming US space flight activities in low Earth orbit into commercial operations that support the needs of NASA and emerging private markets.

2. Leading the ability to support the lunar surface operations and promote missions beyond the moon-ground space.

3. Promote scientific discovery and interpretation of lunar resources through a series of robotic tasks.

4. Return the American astronauts to the surface of the moon for continuous exploration and utilization.

5. Demonstrate the ability of humans to achieve missions to Mars and other destinations.

Transformation of space activities in low Earth orbit

NASA plans to change the current mode of human space activity in low-Earth orbit, and the government will only be a customer seeking business services in the future. Based on current partners, businesses and other stakeholders, NASA will develop a plan to transition low-Earth orbit space activities directly from government funding to business services and partnerships, and establish a new independent business platform by 2025. Or a non-NASA operational model that has some form or element of the International Space Station. In addition, NASA will also expand the partnership between public and private partners toDevelopmentAnd demonstrate its technology and capabilities to achieve new commercial space products and services.

At least until 2024, the International Space Station will continue to serve as a long-term core platform for human space flight, and it will also mark the continued existence and successful international cooperation of human beings in space for nearly 25 years.

NASA uses space stations to learn how to keep astronauts healthy in deep space missions and make them work productively. The Space Station is also a test platform for space mission technology development. It is an empirical test site that discovers and develops advanced robotics, communications technology, medicine, agriculture and environmental science.

The International Space Station can also help the transition to low-Earth orbit missions to commercialization. NASA recently signed 12 contracts with industry to study how to make the most effective use of space stations, enabling US commercial organizations to play a leading role in low-Earth orbit activities. The selected research topics will include industrial concepts with detailed business plans and the feasibility of using a space station or an independent flight structure to build a habitable platform.

Return to the moon

In the history and future of the earth, the moon is a basic component, and it is a "seated" continent of the earth. The Moon may have valuable resources and scientific treasures to support space activities, and can tell us more about the Earth. Although Americans have embarked on the moon nearly 50 years ago, in a total of 16 days of exploration, only six footprints were left. The next wave of lunar exploration will be completely different.

NASA is planning for a lunar flight that will begin in 2023, and no later than the end of the 1920s, American astronauts will once again set foot on the surface of the moon. This will be the first time that most people who are alive today witness the feat of landing on the moon. It will also be an awesome and amazing moment, and the world will hold your breath. However, the United States will not stop there.

The Gateway will be a key component of the United States' first permanent base on and around the Moon. This is a living platform that runs around the moon. Astronauts will live and work farther away from the earth than ever before.

The United States and its partners will prepare for deep space exploration at Deep Space Gateways, test new technologies and systems, build infrastructure to support mission-time missions, and prepare for the epoch-making mission to Mars. NASA will also study the impact of deep space environments on the life of deep space gateways and understand how organisms respond to long-term radiation and microgravity environments in deep space.

NASA will also evaluate the various possibilities of deep space gateways, including as a platform for loading system assembly; a reusable command module for lunar exploration and lunar surface exploration; and fuel replenishment warehouses, service platforms and sample return facilities Development.

At NASA's research centers across the United States (including Ohio, Texas, and Alabama, as well as facilities for business partners), some parts of the Deep Space Gateway are already under construction. Deep Space Gateway will use the Orion spacecraft and space launch system and othersCommercialThe launch vehicle is gradually assembled in space. The first part to provide power and propulsion will be launched in Florida in 2022.

The lunar surface will serve as an important training ground and technical demonstration test site to prepare humans for missions to Mars and other destinations. By collaborating with innovative initiatives of commercial organizations and international partners, the robotic moonwatch mission will begin as early as 2020, with a focus on the exploration of lunar resources and preparations for humans' long-term activities on the moon.

By the end of the 1920s, the lunar lander that transported astronauts and cargo would begin its journey to the moon table, and together with the deep space gateway, made it possible for humans to have long-term sustainable activities on the moon. Over time, the task is gradually expanding, and humans will conduct more extensive scientific explorations on the moon and near space.

Go to Mars

In the distant future, the first time humans landed on Mars will be the most incredible feat of countless people. This is a bold plan with great complexity. The key components of the National Space Exploration Movement are already in full swing, including long-term human space flight at the space station, development of advanced life support systems, and continued leadership and advancement of deep space science missions.

All in all, the changes in the US National Space Exploration Movement's focus on methods, including the development of advanced technologies and systems, have enabled humans and robots to expand into Mars missions in a series of missions on the Moon mission.

The National Space Exploration Movement will enable NASA to continue its leadership of robot exploration in Mars and its surrounding areas, as well as to ensure that the United States maintains leadership in space science and exploration. The agency's InSight probe has departed for Mars and will land on Mars in November this year to begin research on the interior of the red planet. NASA's next Mars rover is scheduled to launch in July 2020 and will continue to bring exciting research.

The Mars 2020 Detector mission will help us find traces of the past life on the planet and show how to explore the production of fuel and other resources for humans. This mission will also lay the groundwork for the next use of robots to explore other planets. Humans will carry out the historic first rocket launch on another planet and send the samples back to Earth. The mission will also be an important precursor to a series of manned Mars missions scheduled to begin in the 1930s. In the next few years, NASA's work on the moon will provide important support for these tasks.

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