NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken will be the first crew to carry the SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule, an upgraded version of the company's Dragon cargo bay, installed on top of the Falcon 9 rocket into space, which NASA will use to prove An important journey for the future of human missions. Once certified, Crew Dragon's first combat mission will include NASA astronauts Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins.
At the same time, NASA astronauts Eric Boe and Nicole Aunapu Mann will be the first to become members of Boeing's CST-100 Starliner spacecraft, and will be launched by the Atlas V rocket manufactured by the United Launch Alliance. Boeing also plans to take the test flight. On his own private crew member, former NASA astronaut Chris Ferguson. After that, NASA astronauts Josh Cassada and Sunita Williams will perform Starliner's mission to the International Space Station for the first time.
The news was announced at a ceremony held by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) at the Johnson Space Center in Houston. Both SpaceX and Boeing plan to conduct a test flight and a manned test flight before their spacecraft is certified to perform routine tasks on the International Space Station. Aircraft and pilot flight tests were scheduled to take place in August of this year and later this year, but after the engine test accident, Boeing is currently aiming at unmanned flight tests by the end of this year or early next year, and it will try to do it in the middle of 2019. The first crew members flew. At the same time, SpaceX's goal is to conduct the first unmanned flight in November, and the first crew will fly in April next year.
Once these crews fly, it will mark the first time NASA astronauts have risen from US land since the end of the space shuttle program. In the past seven years, NASA has relied on Russia to send its astronauts to the International Space Station, and each astronaut has an airlift cost of about $80 million. . However, NASA's pre-purchase seats are expected to run out next year, about the time the crew began flying with SpaceX and Boeing.