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NASA for mineral exploration and technology development of extraterrestrial Planet: beneficial to Mars Exploration

via:新浪科技     time:2017/12/14 11:41:26     readed:648

The plan will include trade research, development of key parts, and from the moon, asteroids and Mars atmosphere and soil water extraction, carbon dioxide and other volatile components required by the subsystem, such resources can be used to supply fuel and life of aircraft propulsion, reduce the future of space transportation resource dependence, after all, from the earth to transport supplies the cost is very high.

NASA plans to invest most of its money in the development and testing of the ISRU system. In the NASA bidding book, it is expected to complete 1-3 capital input every 1-3 years, with a total investment of 25-50 million dollars.

At the same time, NASA plans to make similar awards in trade research. These trade research will examine the system structure and technology gap of original resource utilization, each incentive fund is about 50 thousand dollars. NASA is expected to spend $25-75 a year on subsystem development and components in 3 and a half years. Like other NextSTEP projects, NASA wants business companies to share the cost of the project.

NASA's latest plan and scientists on the asteroid resources exploitation project is closely related to growing concern, especially under sub surface ice water or water containing substances, can be used to promote the fuel supply or use of life. "Deep space industry" and "planet resources" and other companies are planning to carry out robot exploration missions in the coming years, visit near Earth Asteroids, and explore the existence and accessibility of water resources.

Companies such as the "deep space industry" and "planetary resources" are very interested in the exploitation of asteroid resources, and NASA focuses on exploring Mars resources.

In December 5th, James Orsulak, director of sales and business development of planetary resources company, said in a discussion at the space exposition: "we are a mineral company running in space, rather than a space or space technology company." (James Osulak)

The planetary resources company plans to launch 6 small satellites in January next year. It will become part of the two level load of India polar satellite launch vehicle, and it can be used to test sensor technology. O Sulak said that the company is now focusing on the 2020 space mission. It plans to launch 6 spacecraft to arrive at 6 asteroids, and draw the surface water resources of asteroids, and launch through the detectors to carry out survey and analysis.

He said, "the purpose of this task is to help us understand the first mine in space. What is the first asteroids we are mining for?

NASA's latest request may not help the asteroid mining company too much, because its main goal is to make use of the moon and Mars resources. For asteroids, as well as the interest of Phobos and Deimos, limited to "solve and determine the trade of important buildings and the technical feasibility of the technology gap".

Although NASA is interested in the commercial application of this technology, it is required that bidders discuss how the proposed research and technology will meet the strategy of NASA promoting the commercial space industry, while expanding the commercial capabilities of the space and the earth.

At the same time, the space resources of NASA's the project to play a promoting role. NASA's Glen Research Center Senior Research Engineer Diane Linnaeus (Diane Linne) ISRU technology is the project manager of ISRU from the NASA's human exploration and Operations Committee's support, he said that at present, the space resources of the company's efforts the NASA research on ISRU technology of more money, now we have a budget, it's our turn to help you.

The space resources, either NASA or commercial company for development projects, which require long-term efforts. "Deep space industry" company founder Rick Tumlinson (Rick Tumlinson) said: "if you intend to seek profit in 3-4 years, may be disappointing, but in the long run, the rewards are huge"

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