Sohu technology text / Cui Peng
This event is Tencent WE General Assembly, this year is its fifth. Over the past four years, this annual regular event in early November has been focusing on technological progress and cutting-edge science. Forty-five top scientists from around the world have been on the WE stage covering space exploration, life sciences, deep sea exploration, artificial intelligence Almost all scientific fields that are changing the future of humanity.
For example, in 2014, the co-founder of Richards University, Robert Richards, came to WE Conference with Moon Express, a newly created moon courier company. Two years later, it became the first private company in the United States to get a "private luncheon license," bringing new possibilities for human exploitation of the moon.
For example, Barry Barish, former chief scientist at the Laser Interference Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) in 2016, shared the process of gravitational wave discovery and in 2017 he won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
This year's Tencent WE Conference, invited the world-renowned Hawking as a guest speaker, speakers include Chinese Academy of Sciences, Turing Award winner Yao Chi and Hugo Award winner Hao Jingfang and other local cattle. Nine scientists shared with the public the topics of interstellar migration, rejuvenation, cancer immunization and artificial intelligence.
Tencent's chief exploratory official website greatly advocates at the conference that the public should pay more attention to the global issues closely related to the survival and development of mankind, such as climate change, species extinction, food problems and unbalanced distribution of resources. In his view, technological innovation can help solve these global problems; Tencent's current investment in space technology, genetic engineering, intelligent transportation, environmental testing and other cutting-edge fields, hoping to explore to solve these global problems.
Hawking recommends that humans prepare immigrants for extraterrestrials
Stephen William Hawking, honored as "the King of the Universe", was the guest of the WE Conference this year. As the most important contemporary general relativity and cosmologist, his "Brief History of Time" enlightened the generation's cosmology.
With the rapid development of science and technology, human beings have not stopped thinking about their own situation and their concerns about the future. In recent years Hawking has been concerned about the human interstellar migration. In his speech, Hawking believed that mankind should actively explore space and look for a livable planet. "It will completely change the future of mankind and even determine whether we have any future."
To this end, he launched last year, "Breakthrough Photo Star" long-term research and development programs, the goal of making interstellar travel a reality. This year, Breakthrough Photo Star collaborates with the European Southern Observatory to further explore the livable planets of Alpha Centauri. Hope that mankind has lasted two million years of fire, able to continue the next one million years.
Breakthrough Photo Star Executive Director Pete Worden, former director of NASA's Ames Research Center, shared the new breakthrough in the "Breakthrough Photo Star" project: the team used spacecraft to fly to space to gather information about the universe and search for life. If it can be guaranteed that the spacecraft will be able to travel for 20 years at 20% of the speed of light and continue to send back some relevant information to Earth, it is possible to receive other potentially viable planets around the entire Milky Way around 2050 Some pictures of life signs above.
In addition, one of the breakthrough projects is called Breakthrough Listening Project, aiming to find signals that aliens may send to Earth. He introduced the project to bring together the world's largest radio telescopes, such as the Greenbank Radio Telescope in West Virginia and the Parkes Telescope in Australia, as well as with Britain and South Africa.
It is worth mentioning that the project reached a cooperation with the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Science a year ago using the China FAST telescope, which is the largest telescope in the world.
Artificial intelligence will destroy humanity, or save humanity
At a time when the concept of artificial intelligence is emerging, whether artificial intelligence can help human beings or bring humankind to the abyss of destruction has become a hot topic for many people. Chinese Academy of Sciences, quantum computing expert, winner of the Turing Award Yao Chi Chi on the scene for the audience to explain the concept of quantum computing and quantum computers.
Yao Chi said that quantum computing is a revolutionary computing principle, quantum computer is particularly fast, with three hours of quantum computer computing is equivalent to supercomputer computing six hundred thousand years; mankind has entered a quantum computer will be able to see the time to be done .
This is the last mile, but it can be a very difficult process. "Quantum computing and artificial intelligence can be combined, and we may make things that even nature did not expect to have." .
Hao Jingfang, Chinese science fiction writer and winner of the 74th Hugo Award, believes that artificial intelligence can not surpass human beings for a long time. Because human beings have no physiological basis for human beings, artificial intelligence can not produce the human advanced emotions. Our human brain is a complex system , There are many parts of artificial intelligence is not easy to have now.
Hao Jingfang said: "The biggest threat to artificial intelligence is mainly manifested in that humans become lazy to think and lazy to self-reflection, which degenerates human wisdom." In the upcoming era of artificial intelligence, humans should look back on artificial intelligence to help them understand themselves , To a more in-depth understanding of humanity, humanity, wisdom, the only way we can make the entire human civilization to move forward.
Rejuvenate can already look forward to?
"It's impossible to rejuvenate," Tony Wyss-Coray, professor of neurology at Stanford University and senior author of the study on geriatric diseases, showed his findings.
The findings, which target patients with Alzheimer's disease and enter healthy, young plasma, provide an important solution to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease or the delaying of human aging. He previously established a blood circulatory system between aged and young mice in 2014 and found that repeated infusion of young plasma can make the brains of older mice young.
The WE conference site, there are also announced the latest research on cancer. Zhang Kang, a cancer research scientist and director of the Institute of Human Genome Medicine at the University of California, San Diego, introduced to the audience his research on early diagnosis and treatment.
Based on large-scale clinical data analysis and deep machine learning, he and his team developed an efficient blood test that can promptly and effectively diagnose HCC in a noninvasive manner.
To make things even more amazing, futurist and inventor Pablos Holman shared at his WE conference site his novel study: Mosquito-killing laser cannons that reduce malaria infection rates.
At first, he just shot down the mosquitoes with a laser beam to satisfy his own tastes. Later, he found that using mosquitoes can save a lot of life. Especially in Africa, about 1 million people die of malaria each year, half of them are children. He tried to solve the malaria problem.