This stage will also be on how to use the lunar resources to assess the development of deep space exploration standards.
In the second phase, NASA will start a monthly space mission, built around 2024, on the lunar orbit, "deep space portal" space, as the gateway to the surface of the moon and deep space destination. Astronauts can rely on the "deep space portal" on the moon for a period of 20 days to 46 days of study, "deep space portal" can also be lifted to different lunar orbit to run.
The third phase, deep space transportation system is expected to be completed in 2029, after a one-year verification flight, by 2030 to 2033, NASA will be ready to enter and reach the orbit of Mars.
"NASA will strive to build the" deep space portal "into an open and dynamic platform and will work with international partners to explore the space in a sustainable way," he said.
As the main partner of the NASA Mars program, Lockheed Martin, the US private space company, announced on the 29th that it will focus on the development of the Mars base and the reusable Mars Lander - Mars lift.
Lockheed Martin said the company is developing a "deep space portal" prototype, according to plan will be built in the above "Mars base camp", astronauts from the "Mars base camp" by spacecraft into the orbit, and then take the Mars landing car landing Mars surface.
Lockheed Martin Corp. vice president Lisa Galaha said, the company developed the Orion spacecraft is expected to launch in 2019 for the first time, the destination is the first manned spacecraft to the moon. The lunar orbit mission is expected to implement in 2021 to 2022.
NASA and the Russian Federal Space Agency signed a joint statement during the current session of the International Astronautical General Assembly, agreed to the construction of "deep space portal" to cooperate.