After experiencing last year's climax, VR is now facing a period of adjustment. As a leader in mobile VR, what does Google think about this period? Before the Google I/O was held, Google VR/AR, head of the Clay, was at BavorMediumThe author expounds his and Google's views and we look at them together. This article is compiled by Lei Feng net.
The past year has been important for VR and AR: from smartphone based desktops to desktop desktops, VR hardware products for average consumers are on the market. Developers began to study AR technology seriously. Our team in Google is trying to push some of the major products out. Six months ago, we launched the high quality mobile VR platform, Daydream. Soon after, the first built-in Tango enabled mobile phone was on sale for the first time, placing smartphone based AR functionality in the hands of consumers.
In a short period of time, although great changes have taken place throughout the industry, much progress has been made, but there are still many problems to be solved. Millions of consumers have begun to experience the joys of these new technologies, but they are still in the early stages.
Now is the best time to review the history, look at the situation of VR and AR, and we share our view: at what stage, what is our goal, why these technologies are very important to Google, why is it important to the world.
Google VR/AR vice president Clay Bavor, photo sourceFortune
what is the AR? What is VR?
Many people ask me which technology will
But at some point in time, these differences on the spectrum will become blurred: we will have the AR headset device can enhance the entire field of vision, and realistic digital display VR headset to your environment and equipment, both. Once technology advances to this point, the difference between VR and AR will be much smaller than today.
Also, if VR and AR are two points in the spectrum, what should we call the spectrum? Here are some references
The development curve of human computer interaction
In 1940, the California Statistical Bureau's computer punch card machine
Why is immersive computing important to make things look real? Why can technical investment make this possible?
In order to in the future, we first review the history of the computer, and how we interact with them. In the past decades, people have made every computer work more like us, every time when we remove the gap between human and computer layer Abstract
At first, people could work with computers only by word and word rewriting
The real breakthrough is the emergence of the graphical user interface (GUI). Computers became visible for the first time, and suddenly more people came into contact with them and used them. People began to use them extensively, from writing school reports to designing jet engines.
Smartphones with a single hand have further promoted the popularity and computing power of computers. Touch screens enable us to interact directly with our computers, with fingers and smart phone cameras, so that we can see the world. More recently, a dialog interface like Google Assistant has enabled you to interact more naturally and seamlessly with your equipment as you communicate with people.
But as far as we are concerned, abstract concepts still exist. When you're talking to your friends on video, you don't see a small, flat image on the screen just like you do in real life. When you want to know the location of a restaurant, you'll see an incredible detailed map, and then you'll have to judge for yourself the blue spot in your location and the location of the map around you. Your cell phone can't just walk you there.
With immersive computing technology, we don't have to stare at the screen or check our phones constantly, but rather around our real and virtual worlds. We can use our hands to move things directly, or just look at them and act again. Immersive computing will eliminate more abstractions between us and computers. You can use text information to seamlessly weave a computer into your environment. This is the next step in the development of interactive interfaces.
1998 google.com home page
Google's mission is to organize the world's information and make it widely used by the public
Immersive computing will go even further. If you want to know about the ancient city of Machu Picchu (Machu Picchu) for more information, instead of reading or watching the video, you will visit the city in virtual reality. We will have VR cameras that can capture the moments of our lives and enable us to walk into the scene a few years later. Your AR device no longer uses the 2D street map to find the restaurant, but will know exactly where it is in space and show the distance of arrival. The surgeon will look at the patient's 3D scan to better understand the patient's condition. With immersive computing around us more and more integrated into our environment, the information will be richer and more relevant, which will help us more.
But it's not just the information itself. It's about how people access it. That's why we've been investing in building a wide range of computing platforms over the years. Through Chrome, we want to make the network faster, safer and more powerful. With Android, our goal is to enable more people to use mobile computing. Through Cardboard and Daydream, we hope to popularize immersive computing by providing a variety of useful and interesting devices.
Along with artificial intelligence and machine learning, we view VR and AR as part of the next phase of Google's mission to organize the world's information. That's how we think about the larger context of immersive computing, where it is in the development of computers, and why Google invests.
Where are we?
1984 Motorola DynaTAC 8000X mobile, photo source: Motorola
We are often asked when VR and AR will be
First of all, it is important to consider our position in the development of immersive computing and to ensure that we make the right comparison. One example is the development of mobile phones. IPhone was introduced ten years ago, and smartphones are everywhere. So some people think that immersive computing will follow the same curve at the same time scale. That's not true, but it's useful to look back at the history of mobile phones for reasons.
The first commercial mobile phone, DynaTAC 8000X, was released in 1984. That was 33 years ago, not ten years. Since we are now in the stage of immersive computing equipment available to the first generation of consumers, it is more appropriate to compare with 1980s handsets than any mobile phone that has been released over the last ten years. This is not to say that I believe that VR and AR will take 30 years to fully mature and achieve similar usage and impact. I am more optimistic than that. But compared to smartphones ten years ago, it was wrong.
The development of mobile phones has another related lesson. In the early stage of technology life, only a small number of people were able to serve..GPS was considered to be of limited use
No matter how specific time scale, VR and AR will experience a similar function. The development of the mobile phone will improve. The equipment will become cheaper and easier to use. The user interface and the application will have a breakthrough. With the rise in value and the decrease in cost calculation, for more and more people will be meaningful. This immersion not a hypothetical question.
Where are we heading for?
The mantra of our team is that...
A short answer is this: not that one thing should be done better, but that everything must be done better.
The following is a longer answer.
First, obstacles.We must eliminate more barriers to the use of these equipment. Head mounted equipment must be easier to use, more comfortable, and more portable. The Daydream independent VR head device we just posted on Google I / O is a step in the right direction. It has all the content that VR needs. To experience virtual reality, simply wear them. However, we have almost no optimized user experience.
Next, there is the underlying technology.In order to make VR more portable, AR is more convincing and useful, and everything behind these experiences must be improved: display, optics, tracking, input, GPU, sensors, etc. as an example, in order to implement in VR
It may sound like a huge technological leap. They are. But we're making progress..WorldSense can implement location tracking and VPS for VR
Another part of this is a broader, deeper experience. With the improvement of the underlying technology, new applications and experiences will become possible. To illustrate what I mean, take an application like Tilt Brush. It is impossible to exist before we have controllers that can perform position tracking in space. Painting with a handle doesn't make any sense. Hardware and software must be developed together. We will see more common evolution in the future. Accurate hand tracking will make a new set of interactions possible, and eye tracking will enable new types of social applications to rely on eye contact and realistic facial expressions.
Also, we need more content to experience, play and use. Experience and applications that need to be interesting to everyone. To promote the development of content, we are supporting the creators of YouTube, Spaces and Jump cameras to bring more ideas and ideas to the media. We work closely with dozens of artists to help them explore VR with our Tilt Brush Artists in Residence project. But, of course, we need developers, creators, storytellers, and film photographers to help explore and build these.
A cave full of possibilities
It's a metaphor for thinking about the current stage of immersive Computing: we're exploring caves that are full of possibilities. This is a huge cave with many branches and potential paths, and most of them are in the dark. Although there are some flashing places, it is difficult to see far away places. However, through research, prototyping, product creation, the most important thing is to see how people use these technologies, and benefit from these techniques, we illuminate the most caves, and see more clearly to all this. We have made progress.
From our point of view, it is difficult to see clearly how it all started. However, it is obvious that it will start. I am very optimistic, I believe the immersive computing will soon make our life better. We have seen the arrival of that day - to help children explore more of the world in the classroom let reporters, brought the audience into the world front, enabling artists to create unimaginable art. One day in the future, we would like to know how in the absence of computer help, to finish our work.
It won't happen overnight. But it will happen eventually. It will change all aspects of our work, entertainment, life and learning.