Last year, Microsoft announced a partnership with Twist Bioscience to purchase 10 million DNA for digital storage research. Today, two companies announced the expansion of the scope of cooperation, including the University of Washington researchers, because Microsoft is studying for the purchase of another 10 million long-chain oligonucleotides. Twist Bioscience said today that both studies have improved storage density, encoded more data in each DNA, and increased throughput for DNA production to reduce the cost of DNA digital data storage.
The research team revealed that they had successfully stored 200 megabytes of data on DNA and had 100% accuracy in encoding and decoding data within a few months after the start of the job. However, they are not the only research team that is exploring the potential for DNA data storage.
Researchers at Columbia University last month revealed that they were able to store and retrieve the entire operating system, video clips and other files on DNA, and could store up to 215 PB of data in 1 gram of DNA. Costs are still a major obstacle now, and researchers at Columbia University spent $ 7,000 to produce DNA that could store 2MB of data, and it took another $ 2,000 to read the data.
As with other emerging technologies, this hurdle may fall over time, especially considering the many advantages of DNA storage, including its incredible longevity. Scientists believe that data can be stored in DNA for thousands of years, can still be accurately read.
Karin Strauss, a senior researcher at Microsoft, said that while we are encouraged by the work done so far, there are still many challenges. Data storage needs have been growing, organizations and consumers who need to store large amounts of data (such as medical data or personal videos) will benefit from new long-term storage solutions, and we believe that DNA may provide answers.