Ubuntu uses Unity as the default user interface for 6 years. Today, Canonical is ready to give up this project, next year will be the default Ubuntu desktop switch back to GNOME. Canonical will also terminate the development of mobile phones and tablets based on the Ubuntu operating system, which means that the phone is docked with the right device and compatible with the end of the desktop phone integration experience.
The Unity 8 option on the Ubuntu 16.10 desktop will never become the system default
This week Wednesday, Canon Corp founder Mark & middot; Mark Travel (Mark Shuttleworth) in a blog post to explain this move. He wrote: I wrote this blog is to let everyone know that our company will end the Unity8 mobile phone and convergence shell (convergence shell) investment, also wrote: In the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS version, we will be the default system Ubuntu Desktop switch back to GNOME, the new version of the product will be listed in April 2018.
The new version of the desktop environment and the early Ubuntu interface, the desktop comes with the GNOME operating system instead of Canonica developed operating system. Shuttleworth's blog post does not specify that Canonical will stop the development of Ubuntu phones and tablet PCs. Canon Hall's regional manager Michael Hall confirmed that the Ubuntu operating system based on mobile phones and tablet computer research and development has been terminated.
Hall said: "Ubuntu mobile phone and tablet computer work is over, the entire polymerization work has stopped, the desktop will continue to use Unity before the operating system. & Rdquo;
Ubuntu officially released the operating system for smartphones in 2013
Ubuntu-based handsets and laptops are not welcomed by hardware manufacturers, operators or consumers, and software development is slow. Although the new version of the phone and Tablet PC has been configured Unity 8 operating system, but still can not replace Unity 7 as the default desktop. Canonical in the study of the new desktop display (Display Server): Mir, but Mir's work is also very slow.
After the desktop system switches to GNOME, Canonical has also abandoned the Mir display server, moving the effort to the R & D Wayland display server, which will replace the X Window system. Hall also said that we are not just using Mir, because Mir and Wayland are independently developed, so we did not really choose whether to use Mir or Wayland in the end, but we will configure the default desktop from Ubuntu to GNOME, you must configure Wayland.
Although Ubuntu is dead on the phone, it is still popular in the cloud
Canonical has made great success in the IT market, especially in the server and cloud software. Shuttleworth said that for him personally, giving up Unity is a very difficult decision, but due to commercial restrictions, must make this decision.
Shuttleworth made it clear that smartphones are not the company's future battlefields. He wrote in the blog:
Ubuntu is doing well in the cloud and the Internet of Things (IoT), and is improving. As everyone may know, most public cloud computing workloads and most private Linux cloud infrastructures rely on the Ubuntu operating system. We may also know that most IoT applications in the automotive, robotics, network and machine learning and other aspects of the work also need to use the Ubuntu operating system, Canonical in many ways to provide business services. Ubuntu in the cloud and IoT aspects of the number and size of business activities are growing.
Our company ultimately chose to contribute to the development of the company, Ubuntu operating system in the desktop environment, server and VMs on the application of our cloud infrastructure products (OpenStack and Kubernetes), our cloud operation function (MAAS, LXD , Juju, BootStack) and our IoT and Ubuntu Core. All of these areas have R & D operations teams, the corresponding customer base, can bring the company's growing revenue, which is a successful, independent, size and momentum of the company an important part. We must ensure the adaptability and rigor of this road.
This does not mean that Canonical will stop desktop development. Shuttleworth wrote in the blog: we will continue to develop the world's most useful open source desktop environment to maintain the existing LTS version, we will work with business partners to develop the desktop for our corporate customers to provide a better desktop environment, And is happy for millions of developers engaged in IoT and the cloud to optimize the desktop to the best.
While Shuttleworth admits that Canonical's ability to switch the Ubuntu desktop back to GNOME is considered to be the Linux community's "split & rdquo ;. But he still praised the work done by Canonical's Unity 8 team, who said it was necessary for the market and the community to decide which products needed to continue and which products were gradually disappearing.
In 2013, Shuttleworth said Canonical had to cut back on its business and focus on the company's most successful business before it could be profitable. As the prospects for the mobile phone industry optimistic, Canonical began to invest in smart phones, he even predicted that even without competitors, the desktop itself did not develop. But four years later, the phone did not beat the personal computer, Ubuntu mobile phone death will not have a long-term impact on the existence of Ubuntu desktop.