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SpaceX will spend $ 300 million to send spacecraft to Mars NASA money to support the people

via:博客园     time:2016/7/29 10:00:27     readed:2162

SpaceXSpaceX 将花 3 亿美元送飞船去火星 NASA 出人出钱支持

Conceived in 2018 landing on Mars Red Dragon spacecraft, it will be the forerunner of human manned mission to Mars. Source: SpaceX

According to the US Space Pilot News Washington 27 news, NASA estimated SpaceX (SpaceX) will spend $ 300 million for the Red Dragon spacecraft mission to Mars, which is the world's first private manned mission to Mars company experiment.

How both money: SpaceX 1 out of 10 NASA

NASA Advisory Committee meeting July 26 Cleveland held Deputy Assistant NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate Director Jim & middot; Reuter (Jim Reuter) introduced the NASA and SpaceX relevant agreements. In April, NASA announced that SpaceX do not assist manned Mars landing program in 2018.

SpaceXSpaceX 将花 3 亿美元送飞船去火星 NASA 出人出钱支持

2018 entered the Martian atmosphere Red Dragon spacecraft imagine diagram below is a famous sailor Grand Canyon.

But at the time, this is a no unfunded Space Act agreement, there is no guarantee that any funds between SpaceX and NASA. Reuter said, NASA estimates that it takes action in the next four years, more than $ 32 million, mainly used in NASA to provide technical support personnel on SpaceX, but the action in the current fiscal year would cost $ 6 million. When the committee asked how many SpaceX will spend on the project, Reuter expressed SpaceX investment will be NASA's ten times.

& Ldquo; we talked to them and arrange on spending, is 10: 1 ratio, they are 10, we are one. & Rdquo; Reuter said: & ldquo; I think this is correct. & Rdquo; according to NASA estimates the investment, SpaceX spent on Red Dragon mission will reach $ 300 million.

But SpaceX did not disclose the cost of the task, and how to come up with this expenditure. When it is inquiry committee, Reuter said he did not know how to raise funds for the Red SpaceX Dragon mission.

SpaceXSpaceX 将花 3 亿美元送飞船去火星 NASA 出人出钱支持

In May 2018, against the Red Dragon spacecraft lifted off the Falcon Heavy rocket renderings, the first rocket to be shot by the end of 2016, will also be a post-Cold War rocket carrying capacity of the largest near-Earth orbit capacity of over 53 tons.

Reuter also revealed the technical details of the 2018 mandate: Red Dragon spacecraft will launch the Falcon Heavy rocket, the spacecraft in the next two years will be manned flight for NASA astronauts to and from the International Space Station to provide support. But aboard the spacecraft to Mars will not be manned, but a series of modifications, removal of unnecessary equipment cabin, including environmental control equipment and monitor tasks are not needed. In addition, the spacecraft's pressurized cabin will not be substantially modified, mainly solar array configuration and change the spacecraft thermal control portion.

NASA SpaceX exchange experience with technology

There have been many experiences of Mars NASA is providing a wide range of professional advice to support Red Dragon mission. Reuter said the current NASA has provided support for the candidate landing sites and engineering, and other support also includes the use of planetary protection policy advisory agreement with NASA Deep Space Network, which will be used for communications between the spacecraft and Earth.

NASA is so strongly supported by SpaceX, also thinks the task is feasible. Reuter said: & ldquo; we think they have a reasonable idea of ​​the success of the task feasibility, and our professional advice will enhance mission success rate. & Rdquo;

In return, NASA will have access to the Red Dragon SpaceX spacecraft Mars landing of the data collected during NASA believes the Sonics Red Dragon spacecraft landing approach using a large spacecraft to Mars next key technology. Currently NASA probe Mars need to use a parachute, and the maximum landing mass only 1 ton, Red Dragon is weighing 8-10 tons.

If you do not choose the Red Dragon spacecraft, but NASA mission own landing supersonic technology demonstration, until the late 2020s or early 2030. Once the Red Dragon spacecraft successfully, the data provided can make NASA a decade earlier, in 2020, to determine the architecture of a manned mission to Mars.

2018 to make the trip a little catch

But Reuter also SpaceX plans to launch in May 2018 Red Dragon spacecraft Progress skeptical, he thinks this is a very aggressive schedule. Before the end of this year the two sides will discuss the systematic task of allowing in the future to understand the progress of SpaceX NASA Red Dragon task.

Reuter said SpaceX has said that the priority task of the Red Dragon is not high, below the launch mission in the company of other paying customers. The company's first priority is related to the International Space Station launch mission, followed by launching the task entrusted to other users, and finally Red Dragon mission. In addition to Red Dragon mission, NASA has no other involvement SpaceX Mars project, and SpaceX to transport hundreds of people interested in the development of super-heavy rocket to Mars and spacecraft.

Red Dragon company SpaceX mission only first step in establishing inhabited town in the grand scheme of Mars, and SpaceX founder and CEO Andy Herron & middot; Musk (Elon Musk) at a meeting last month, said 2018 will begin , about every 26 months on Mars launch window to perform a mission to Mars, its first manned flight to Mars will be the fastest execution in 2025 landed in 2024. In addition, Musk International Astronautical Congress in a speech at the end of September this year in Mexico, detail SpaceX Mars immigration plan.

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